Research and Extension

Potatoes at WSU

Potato Varieties: A Comprehensive List

Please do not contact us regarding potato variety availability. We do not sell potato seed nor do we have access to its availability. If you are interested in potato varieties available from the Potato Variety Management Institute (PVMI) follow this link: http://www.pvmi.org/

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ABEILLE - Tubers are "round; flaky yellow skin; moderately numerous shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows slightly prominent; yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; moderately resistant to hollow heart, brown heart, vascular net necrosis; high dry matter content; long dormancy period (9 months)." Primary use: Fresh market.

ABNAKI - Tubers are "roundish, flattened at the stem-end; smooth light creamy buff skin, sometimes slightly netted; shallow eyes, same color as the skin; white flesh.... High yielding of attractive appearance; widely adapted; hollow heart can develop especially in oversized tubers if the variety is subjected to wide growth-rate fluctuations; stores well. High total solids." Released in 1970 by USDA, New York and Maine. Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking; also suitable for chipping and French frying. See also: Akeley et al., Am. Potato J. 47:229 (1970).

AC BELMONT - "round to oval [tubers]; smooth white to very light buff skin; shallow to medium deep eyes; white flesh." Released in 1995 by Ag Canada NB. See also: Tarn et al., Am. Potato J. 72:409-416 (1995).

AC BLUE PRIDE - Tubers are "oval to long; smooth blue purple skin; shallow eyes; white flesh, occasional coloration in vascular ring." "Medium high yielding variety; excellent storability, long dormancy period; medium specific gravity."

AC BRADOR - Tubers are "oblong; smooth yellow skin; shallow eyes; light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; early tuber set; extremely high resistance to late blight; susceptible to hollow heart. Good storability; very long dormancy period; medium-high specific gravity." Released in 1991 by Ag Canada NB. See also: Tarn et al., Am. Potato J. 72:401-408 (1995).

AC CHALEUR - Tubers are "round to oval, slightly blocky; smooth buff coloured skin; moderately shallow eyes; white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; not susceptible to hollow hart. Medium specific gravity. Medium dormancy." Released in 1993 by Ag Canada NB. See also: DeJong et al., Am. Potato J. 72:393-400 (1995).

AC DOMINO - Tubers are "round; smooth blue purple skin; medium-deep eyes; white flesh, blue coloration may occur in vascular ring.... High yielding variety; tubers set early; high number of tubers per plant; well adapted to Newfoundland growing conditions; good storability, medium dormancy period; high specific gravity."

AC DUBUC - Tubers are "long, sometimes slightly curved; smooth buff skin; few shallow eyes, predominantly apical; non prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety; well adapted to Québec climatic conditions; good storability; medium long dormancy period; high specific gravity."

AC GLACIER CHIP (WIS75-30) - Tubers are "oval, uniform; smooth white skin; medium deep eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows not prominent; white flesh.... High yielding variety with high number of tubers per plant and very low tuber deformities. This variety should be grown with an in-row spacing of 30 cm. Tubers are concentrated in the hill, which facilitates harvest. High specific gravity. Medium dormancy period. Good storability; maintains excellent chip quality in long-term storage." Released in 2000 by Ag Canada. See also: Lynch et al., Am. J. Potato Res. 78:327-332 (2001).

AC MAPLE GOLD (WIS75-30) - Tubers are "oval, uniform; smooth light yellow skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows not prominent; medium yellow flesh.... High yielding variety with medium number of tubers per plant. This variety should be grown with an in-row spacing of 30 cm. High specific gravity. Medium dormancy period. Good storability." See also: Lynch et al., Am. J. Potato Res. 78:339-343 (2001).

AC NOVACHIP - Tubers are "oval to oblong, slightly flattened (small tubers are round); smooth buff coloured skin; shallow eyes, except medium deep at the bud end; white flesh.... Medium high yielding variety; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity. Tubers tend to be large; in row spacing should be 20 cm to avoid oversized tubers." Released in 1991 by Ag Canada NB. See also: DeJong et al., Am. Potato J. 72:417-426 (1995).

AC PEREGRINE RED (ND2937-3) - Tubers are "oval; smooth red skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows not prominent; cream coloured flesh.... High yielding variety with medium number of tubers per plant. Medium specific gravity. Medium dormancy period. Good storability." See also: CFIA; Lynch, et al., Am. J. Potato Res. 78:333-337 (2001).

AC PTARMIGAN (F76080) - Tubers are "oval; smooth buff skin; shallow eyes, eyebrows not prominent; cream coloured flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; very uniform tuber size and shape; early tuber set; medium number of tubers per plant; medium specific gravity." Released in 1992 by Ag Canada Lethbridge. See also: Lynch et al., Am. Potato J. 71:387-394 (1994).

AC RED ISLAND - Tubers are "round to oval; bright red skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical; creamy white flesh.... High yielding variety of medium size tubers. Tubers have very good red colour which is retained during storage. High specific gravity."

AC SAGUENOR - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth white skin; shallow eyes, few to intermediate in number, uniformly distributed; slightly prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... This variety gives very good yields early in the season and excellent mid-season yields; well adapted to Quebec climatic conditions; good storability; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity."

AC STAMPEDE RUSSET (TAXV675-27) - Tubers are "oblong; russetted brown skin; shallow eyes, intermediate in number, evenly distributed; not prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; medium number of tubers per plant, very uniform in size; low level of internal and external defects; good storability; medium dormancy period; high specific gravity." Released in 1998 by Ag Canada and Texas A&M. See also: Lynch et al., Am. J. Potato Res. 77:241-244 (2000).

AC SUNBURY (F80054) - Tubers are "oval; smooth light yellow skin; shallow eyes, intermediate in number, predominantly apical; non prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; medium number of tubers per plant; short dormancy period; high dry matter content." See also: Murphy et al., "AC Sunbury: A new light yellow-fleshed medium early table potato cultivar with resistance to golden cyst nematode" (Am. J. Potato Res. 79:397-402 [2002]).

ACADIA RUSSET - Tubers are "oblong, slightly flattened lengthwise; lightly netted creamy buff skin; few, very shallow eyes; creamy white flesh.... High yielding, attractive appearance, skin sets after topkilling, susceptible to skinning at harvest, very short dormancy period, grades well with few culls, suitable for the count-box trade. High total solids." Released in by Ag Canada NB. See also: Tarn and Young, Am. Potato J. 60:925-931 (1983).

ACCENT - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough to rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

ACCORD - Tubers are "round to oval, pale yellow, smooth skin; yellowish-white flesh to white flesh; shallow eyes to rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

ADIRONDACK BLUE - "Medium to late season...oblong tubers, shallow eyes, blue purple skin, deep purple flesh, ...excellent yield." See also: Tucker Farms.

ADIRONDACK RED - "oblong to long, slightly flattened, purplish-red-skinned tubers with shallow eyes and pink to red flesh. Excellent flavor. Good for boiling, mashing, pan frying, salads and microwaving. Color may leach out during boiling but not with other cooking methods." See also: Tucker Farms.

ADORA - Tubers are "oblong; light yellow, rather smooth skin; medium shallow eyes, evenly distributed; pale yellow flesh.... High yielding variety with good tuber uniformity; few tubers per plant. Rather good resistance to internal bruising. Low dry matter content. Long dormancy." Low-carb variety developed in the Netherlands. See also: HZPC; Potatoes Netherlands.

AGASSIZ - "Characteristics: not in production; medium yield of oblong, russet tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock, chips, medium tuber solids, medium dormancy. Resistance: common scab, hollow heart." Potato Varieties in Canada, 1991. New Brunswick Department of Agric. 1983. Released by the University of Minnesota in 1983.

AGATA - Tubers are "oval to oblong; light yellow smooth skin; shallow eyes, intermediate in number, evenly distributed; slightly prominent eyebrows; yellow flesh.... High yielding variety. Tubers are very uniform in shape and present good resistance to internal bruising. Low dry matter content. Medium storage ability." See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

AGRIA - "Long, oval tubers; light yellow smooth skin; dark yellow flesh. Very high yield variety." See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

AIDA - Tubers oval to long; yellow flesh. Medium to high resistance to fungal, bacterial, and viral diseases.

AJIBA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough skin; yellowish-white flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

ALAMO (B5066-3) - "medium-high yield of oblong, white tubers; medium-early maturity, good for tablestock, low tuber solids." Am. Potato J. 45:139-141 (1968).

ALASCLEAR (AK14-70-1-72) - "high yield of oblong, white tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock, high tuber solids, medium dormancy." See also: Dearborn, Am. Potato J. 60:189-192 (1983).

ALASKA 114 - Adapted to grow in Alaska; "medium vine type, tough white skin, stores well, good culinary characters." See also: Am. Potato J. 37:108-110 (1960).

ALASKA FROSTLESS - "tops withstanding frosting to 28 °F; tubers thin oval with faint purple blush on exposure to several days of light." Released in 1968. See also: Am. Potato J. 46:1-4 (1969).

ALASKA RED - "medium yield of oval, red tubers; medium maturity, good for tablestock, low tuber solids." Tubers have red skin and white flesh. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database; Dearborn, Am. Potato J. 54:365-369 (1977).

ALASKA RED-EYE - "Yellow skin with distinct red around the eyes, cream-colored flesh, very good looking."

ALASKA RUSSET - "low yield of long, russet tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock, medium solids. Resistance: common scab, susceptible to shatter cracking." Released in 1964. Am. Potato J. 41:137-139 (1964).

ALBAS - Yellow-skinned, oval tubers with white flesh. Primary use: Starch production.

ALBATROS - Medium large to large, oval, yellow skin, shallow to medium eyes, light yellow flesh. Multipurpose variety with good drought tolerance. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

ALDO - White-skinned, cream-fleshed, round-oval tubers; early maincrop, general-purpose potato.

ALL BLUE - "Deep blue skin and flesh. Outstanding flavor and moist texture." See also: Tucker Farms; Wood Prairie Farm.

ALL RED (CRANBERRY RED) - "Large, round tubers with smooth cranberry-red skin and light-rose flesh even when cooked - boiled or roasted." See also: Wood Prairie Farm.

ALLEGANY - "Allegany was released by the New York State Experiment Station in 1990.... Tubers are round in overall shape and in cross section with shallow lateral eyes and deep apical eyes. Skin color is buff and skin texture ranges from smooth to slightly netted depending on soils and environment.... The high yielding ability in fall production areas is this variety's primary advantage. Allegany is not adapted to summer and winter production regions due to its late maturity. The variety has resistance to golden nematode, early blight, and Verticillium wilt and is moderately resistant to pitted scab and has some general resistance to late blight. Tubers can be marketed as tablestock and chip stock. The long dormancy of tubers is an advantage in storage. Tubers tend to be susceptible to bruising when grown at high nitrogen levels and/or when harvested in cold conditions." See also: Plaisted et al., Am. Potato J. 67:227-231 (1990).

ALLIANS - Tubers are "Elongated oblong, shallow eyes, smooth yellow skin, dark yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

ALLURE - Yellow-skinned, round tuber with white flesh. Primary use: Boiling, French frying.

ALMERA - Long-oval, yellow-skinned tubers with white flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ALPINE RUSSET (A9305-10) - "This russet selection has shown tremendous potential for long term storage, comparable to Russet Burbank, and it has resistance to scab and moderate resistance to dry rot. It has a high early yield with large percentage of US No.1 tubers. It is both good as an early processing variety and good for early fresh pack. Its weaknesses include a light russet skin and susceptibility to PVY."

ALPHA - Tubers are "oval to round" with yellow, rough skin and pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ALTA RUSSET - "an early-maturing cultivar, with high yield and excellent processing quality (fry color and dry matter) coupled with a tuber size and shape profile ideal for the manufacture of wedge-cut french fries." See also: "Alta Russet: An Early-Maturing, High-Quality Russet Cultivar for Wedge-Cut French Fry Production" (Am. J. Potato Res. 81:195-202 [2004]).

ALTESSE - Tubers are "Long, not very deep eyes, yellow skin, yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

ALTURAS - "A late-maturing, very high yielding selection with oblong, lightly russetted tubers. It was selected for dehydration purposes but should also be useful for french fry processing and possibly fresh market" (spudseed.com). Released in the Pacific Northwest in 2002. See also: "Alturas: A multi-purpose, russet potato cultivar with high yield and tuber specific gravity" (Am. J. Potato Res. 80:295-302 [2003]); Agricultural Research; CFIA.

AMA ROSA (PORO1PG22-1) - "Released as AmaRosa in 2010. It is a mid season specialty potato with red skin and red flesh. This selection is unique among commercially available varieties as the fingerling-shaped tubers have very high culinary quality. Tubers are ideal for microwaving, frying or baking. Chips made from AmaRosa retain their rosy color and resist fading."

AMINCA - Tubers are oval to long; white to yellow skin; light yellow to yellow flesh. Very early to early variety.

AMISK RANGER - A clonal variant of Ranger Russet grown on Canadian central plains; more resistant to verticillium and fusarium and slightly higher yields than Ranger Russet. See also: Am. Potato J. 72:185-189, "Amisk: A Clonal Variant of Ranger Russet" by Lynch et al. Also known as Ranger Amisk.

AMOROSA - Large, red-skinned, long-oval tubers with pale yellow flesh.

AMYLA - Tubers are "oval to round; white to yellow skin; yellow flesh.

ANAIS - Tubers are "oval to round; very shallow to shallow eyes; white to yellow skin; yellow flesh. Very early to early variety.

ANDES GOLD – "Cream colored skin and pale yellow flesh; this potato has a very creamy texture. Outstanding as a baked potato." Listed as an Heirloom variety in the 2013 Oregon Potato Seed Certification Standards.

ANDES SUN – "With its pink blush skin and shallow eyes, this potato could pass for a rose colored plum. Creamy texture and moderately sweet taste, this potato is excellent steamed and roasted." Listed as an Heirloom variety in the 2008 Oregon Potato Seed Certification Standards.

ANDOVER - Tubers are "round; rough, buff colored skin; few shallow eyes, predominantly apical; medium prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety; susceptible to drought, heat stress and air pollution. Medium dry matter content. Good storability quality; medium dormancy period (6 months). Very rapid emergence and early set. Exceptionally rapid early growth." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 75:113-116 (1998).

ANNABELLE - Tubers are "Elongated, shallow eyes, yellow smooth to medium skin, dark yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

ANOSTA - Round to oval, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Chipping.

ANSON - Tubers are "round to oval with slightly depressed heel; smooth white skin, slight purple colouration may develop, especially around the eyes, on exposure to light; medium-deep eyes; creamy white flesh.... High yielding variety; good storability, medium dormancy period; high specific gravity."

APOLLINE - Tubers are "Elongated oblong, shallow eyes, smooth yellow skin, pale yellow flesh."

AQUILON - Tubers are "oval; white smooth skin; eyes are medium shallow and predominantly apical; slightly prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety; high tuber set. Very resistant to drought. Washes excellently; tendency to crakc if harvested before maturity. Medium dormancy period. Very high specific gravity."

ARIELLE - Oval, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ARINDA - Long-oval, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ARMADA - Large, oval, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ARNOVA - Large, long-oval, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

ARRAN CONSUL - Tubers are "oval, blunt, indented at the stem end; pale yellow skin; medium-deep to deep eyes; creamy white flesh.... Medium to high yielding, long dormancy period, stores very well." Primary use: Fresh market.

ASTERIX - Tubers are "oblong; flaky red skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical, slightly prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... High to very high yielding variety. Tubers are uniform in shape and have a rather good resistance to internal bruising and hollow heart. Good storability. High to very high dry matter content." See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

ATLANTIC - "...it is the major chip potato variety in North America." Round, uniform tubers; buff-colored skin; creamy white flesh. Primary use: Fresh market, chipping. See also: CFIA; PAA.

AUGSBURG GOLD - "tasty skin, attractive, mealy yellow flesh." Waxy potatoes, good for steaming or frying.

AUSTRIAN CRESCENT - "Nutty-tasting yellow flesh is wrapped in a light thin yellow skin. It tends to have an attractive crescent shape."

AVALANCHE - Skin is "smooth, white to yellow" and tubers are "oval and shallow."

AVON - a white-skinned, white-flesh descendent of Irish Cobbler and Katahdin released in the early 1960s by New Brunswick. See also: Am. Potato J. 39:363-367.

AXONA - Red-skinned, cream-fleshed, oval tubers; moderately high specific gravity.

BAKE-KING - "R. Plaisted and Peterson release the Bake-King variety, a cross of Merrimack and Green Mountain" (Tucker's Chronology). Bake-King is a parent of 'Shepody.'

BANANA - "Yellow fleshed fingerling type potato with a high tuber set...low yielding variety; medium dormancy period; good storability; medium specific gravity." Tubers are "banana-shaped; small; smooth, light yellow skin; shallow eyes; uniform pale yellow flesh." See also: Coffin et al., Am. Potato J. 70:1-6 (1993). Also known as Banana Fingerling and Russian Banana.

BANNOCK RUSSET - Developed for growers in the Pacific Northwest, released in 1999; all-purpose russet with good processing qualities. See also: Colorado Potato; Am. J. Potato Res. 79:147-153 (2002), "Cultural Management of Bannock Russet Potatoes."

BARAKA - Very large, yellow-skinned tubers with pale yellow flesh. Primary use: French frying and chipping.

BARTINA - Large red-skinned tubers with yellow flesh.

BATOCHE - Tubers are "round-oblong, moderately large, uniform; smooth bright red skin; medium-deep eyes darker red than the skin; creamy white flesh.... High yielding; attractive appearance. Tuber size varies with moisture availability. Spacing plants 24 cm apart will help prevent oversizing when tubers are grown under irrigation. High total solids."

BEACON CHIPPER - "...a high-yielding, round white potato with an attractive round appearance with shallow eyes. High yield combined with early to mid-season bulking." See also: "Beacon Chipper: A round white chip-processing potato variety," Am. J. of Potato Res. 83:241-247.

BELANA - Early yellow variety, with smooth skin and a dark yellow flesh. HIgh yield of large oval tubers. Primary use: fresh market. See also: article on reaction to Belana's replacing of variety 'Linda' in Germany in 2004. Grown in the Colorado Potato Certification Service's 2007 crop test (pdf).

BELLE DE FONTENAY - Tubers are "long to oval" with "white to yellow" skin and light yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

BELLEISLE - Tubers are "oblong to ovoid; medium size; slightly netted buff skin; shallow light buff eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; performs well under organic production practices; highly resistant to bruising and skinning; good storability; high specific gravity."

BELRUS - "Tubers are long and slightly flattened, with shallow, well-distributed eyes. Skin is heavily russeted except immediately adjacent to the eyes which may not be russeted. Tuber flesh is cream in color." Adapted to growing conditions of Northeast U.S. and northern Florida.

BELTSVILLE - Released as Castile in 1991 (see Am. Potato J. 68:453-459). "Large [white-skinned] tubers with pure-white flesh."

BENNO VRIZO - Large, yellow-skinned, long to oval tubers with yellow flesh.

BERBER - Large, yellow-skinned, oval tubers with yellow flesh.

BERNADETTE - Tubers are "oval to long", skin is "white to yellow," "light yellow" flesh.

BILDTSTAR - "round, red, smooth to medium smooth skin; yellow flesh; shallow eyes to rather shallow eyes." See also: HZPC.

BINTJE - "large, regular, long, oval, thick; smooth pale yellow skin; shallow eyes; light yellow flesh; on exposure to light, tubers become green with dark purple at the eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking, French frying. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

BISMARK - Also known as Bismarck, Silver Bismarck. "Its country of origin is thought to be Germany. Bismark is an early maturing cultivar with long, oval creamy white tubers and flesh with purple eyes."

BLAZER RUSSET (A8893-1) - "Oblong russet, mid-early maturity, dual purpose." A USDA-ARS article says, "Versatile and delicious, Blazer Russet potato is one of the newest graduates of the potato-breeding program of university and Agricultural Research Service scientists in the Pacific and Intermountain West. This potato is well-suited for fresh-market sale or for potato processors to make into frozen potato products."

BLEUE D'AUVERGNE - "Medium-small round to oval to tubers. A blue skin, blue flesh variety from France, features determinate vines and is much earlier than any other blue fleshed."

BLUE MAC - Tubers are "round, stem-end slightly flattened; blue purple skin; medium-deep eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; slight cracking may occur on tubers grown in dry soil; good storability, short dormancy period. High total solids."

BLUE TOMCAT – "Large fingerling type, very dark blue skin and blue flesh." Heirloom.

BOULDER - "Boulder is a round white selection with medium specific gravity that can be used in both the tablestock and chip-processing markets. The tubers will chip process out-of-the-field and from 10 C storage. The tubers of Boulder are large in size with a low incidence of internal defects." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 81:345-352 (2003).

BRIGUS - Tubers are "round to oval; smooth purple skin; shallow eyes; cream to very pale yellow flesh. High yielding variety; good storability, short dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and French frying.

BRISE DU NORD - Tubers are "round to oval; smooth red skin; shallow to moderately shallow eyes, well distributed; eyebrows very slightly prominent; white flesh.... High yielding variety; large tubers of attractive appearance. Medium dry matter content. Medium dormancy period." Primary use: boiling.

BRITISH COLUMBIA BLUE - "This variety is part of a "constellation" of large blue-fleshed clones, all of which are very similar, but not apparently identical.... The related clones include Sharon's Blue, Nova Scotia Blue (below) and the widely offered All Blue (sometimes referred to as Canadian Purple). A related Swedish clone is Congo, similar but possessing by far the darkest purple or blue skin and flesh color" (Potato Gene Resources Newsletter, page 2, 2001).

BRORA - "Very tall, semi-erect, intense local colour on stems. Numerous, small, red violet flowers, oval tubers, smooth, red skin, cream flesh." Early maincrop variety for the crisping market.

BROWNELL - An Australian variety, "Brownell is a medium to late maturing cultivar with round, brownish-pink tubers, medium to deep eyes, and white flesh. The tubers are excellent for boiling, but baking quality is somewhat inferior."

BUTTE - Tubers are "long, ends rounded, smooth; tannish brown skin, medium light russet with fine pattern; shallow eyes, evenly distributed, becoming pink when exposed to light; white flesh.... High yielding variety; tubers detach easily from stolons; resistant to hollow heart; very resistant to injuries due to the herbicide metribuzin; fair storability, medium dormancy period; high specific gravity." Primary uses: Boiling, baking, French frying if fresh.

CABARET - "Smooth, oval-long tubers, shallow eyes, white skin, cream flesh. Suitable for the pre-pack, French fry and chipping markets."

CAESAR - Tubers are "large to very large, oblong; light yellow smooth skin; shallow eyes, cream to light yellow colored flesh." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: HZPC; Potatoes Netherlands.

CALRED - Tubers are "round; bright red skin; shallow eyes; white to cream flesh.... High set of uniform size and shape tubers." Primary use: boiling.

CALWHITE - Tubers are "oblong; large; rough to netted buff skin; medium deep eyes, intermediate in number, evenly distributed; slightly prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... Very high yielding variety with few tubers per plant. Spacing between plants should be very close to avoid oversize tubers. Performs well in hot climates; may form heat sprouts under high soil temperatures. Good resistance to growth cracks, second growth, shatter bruises, hollow heart and heat necrosis; moderately resistant to blackspot bruises; susceptible to net necrosis caused by leafroll. Good storability; short dormancy period; medium high specific gravity." PAA says tubers have "smooth, white to buff colored skin that may take on a slight pink color when exposed to low intensity light." Primary uses: baking and French frying. See also: PAA; UC Davis.

CANELA RUSSET (AC 92009-4RU) - "a medium maturing, oblong russet with the primary use being the fresh market." See also: the Maine Potato Lady.

CANTATE - Tubers are "long-oval; yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; very shallow eyes."

CARIBE - Tubers are "oblong, thick, narrowing at the bud end; smooth red-purple skin or heavily stippled red-purple on a tan background; numerous medium-deep eyes the same colour as the skin or deep indigo; creamy white flesh. High yielding variety; attractive appearance; widely adapted; easily topkilled; grades well with few culls; stores well. High total solids." Primary uses: Fresh market, boiling, and chipping.

CARLINGFORD - Tubers are "round to oval; smooth white skin; moderately shallow eyes; white flesh.... Moderately high yielding variety with a high number of uniform tubers per plant; medium-long dormancy period; low dry matter.Good storability." Good fresh market potato; primary uses are boiling and baking. See also: British Potato Variety Database.

CARLITA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough to rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes."

CARLTON - Tubers are "oval; buff skin; shallow eyes; creamy white flesh.... Medium yielding variety; wide adaptability as first early tablestock. Tubers size early to very early across the Canadian Prairies; vines maturity is midseason to late; smooth conformation if harvested early but if left to plant maturity, tubers frequently become oversized and rough with growth cracks or hollow heart. Weak to medium storability; low to medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling.

CAROLA - "High yielding, mid-season.....smooth-textured...golden colored creamy, firm and waxy flesh." See also: The Maine Potato Lady; Garden Harvest Supply.

CARRERA - "Round oval potatoes with an attractive smooth bright yellow skin and yellow flesh. Uniform in size and lenticels are not pronounced, giving an exceptional washed appearance." See also: HZPC.

CASCADE - Tubers are "oval to oblong; buff colored flaky skin that shows occasionnal slight cracking; medium shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows non prominent; cream coloured flesh.... High yielding variety, tubers are relatively free of internal defects such as net necrosis. Initially released for early French fry processing directly out of the field. Medium specific gravity. Short dormancy." "Cascade was released by the USDA, Washington State University and the Washington State Potato Commission in 1969. It was the only selection of a cross between B3820-14 x PI214372. It was tested as No. 48-1.... Tubers are oblong with shallow eyes and bright white, smooth skin that shows occasional slight cracking.... early yields are higher than Kennebec and Russet Burbank and tuber specific gravity is greater than Kennebec but less than Russet Burbank.... Cascade was initially released for early French fry processing directly out of the field. Tubers are relatively free of internal defects, such as net necrosis and have ideal shape for French fries.... Although the initial intent for Cascade was the processing market, its attractive appearance and good internal qualities make it a good tablestock variety." Primary uses: boiling, baking, French frying. See also: PAA (considered a white-skinned variety by PAA).

CASTELINE - "Beautiful light yellow skinned early fresh market variety."

CASTILE - Tubers are "oblong, slightly flattened with shallow eyes. Skin is smooth and white. Tubers are suitable for tablestock, chip and French fry processing. Yield potential is good and specific gravity is considered in the medium range." See also: Halseth et al., Am. Potato J. 68:453-460 (1991). Also known as Beltsville and California Long White.

CECILE - Long oval fingerling shape with a smooth red skin and bright yellow flesh color. Shallow eyes. High number of tubers per plant. Uses: fresh market.

CELINE - "Oval-long tubers, shallow eyes, skin red, light yellow flesh." General purpose, early harvest variety.

CENTAURE - Tubers are "oval to round," yellow skin, yellow flesh. Primary use: Starch production.

CENTENNIAL RUSSET - Tubers are white fleshed, oblong to slightly flat with shallow eyes and a dark, heavy russeted skin; medium to high specific gravity. See also PAA.

CENTURY RUSSET - "Tubers are long and cylindrical to slightly flattened. Skin is lightly and uniformly russeted. Eyes medium-shallow with a distinct eyebrow, moderate in number and evenly distributed." Suitable for freshmarket. See also: CFIA; "Cultural Management of Century Russet Potatoes"; Am. J. Potato Res. 77:161-166 (2000).

CHARLOTTE - "...pear shaped, yellow skinned, waxy tubers and creamy yellow flesh..." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: British Potato Council.

CHERIE - "A firm fleshed waxy textured salad variety."

CHEROKEE - Tubers are "short-elliptical to round; slightly flaky ivory yellow skin; shallow eyes; white flesh. High yielding variety; widely adapted, particularly to mineral and muck soils; good resistance to skinning and bruising; good storability; high total solids." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and chipping.

CHERRY RED - Tubers are "oval; smooth red skin; shallow eyes, moderately numerous and evenly distributed; non prominent eyebrows; white flesh. Medium to high yielding variety; slightly sensitive to metribuzin; moderately resistant to drought. Tubers are moderately sensitive to growth cracks, second growth and black spot bruise. Good storability with few problems and minimal sprouting. Medium dry matter content. Medium dormancy period (6 months)." Primary uses: baking and boiling.

CHIEFTAIN - "Tubers are oblong to round, medium thick with a smooth, medium red skin and white flesh.... attractive and well suited for the table stock market. Processing quality for chips and french fries is not acceptable." "Highly resistant to scab and resistant to net necrosis, stem-end browning and late blight.... eveloped in 1966 by USDA and Iowa. It is a well regarded red-skinned, white-fleshed variety." See also: CFIA.

CHINOOK - Released by New Brunswick in 1965, a lightly russeted, white-fleshed variety with resistance to common scab. See also: Am. Potato J. 43:1-5 (1966).

CHIPETA - "Chipeta is late maturing and produces a high yield of tubers with good quality. It is marketed primarily for chip stock..... Tubers are round to oval with white skin and white flesh. The skin is commonly covered with small, russeted areas. Eyes are moderately deep with apical eyes indented most. Eyes are moderate in number and concentrated on the apical end. Dormancy is medium."

CHIPPEWA - "High yield of oblong white tubers; early maturity, good for tablestock, chips, low tuber solids. Adapted to muck soils, produced primarily in the northeastern U.S. Released by the USDA in 1933. See also: T. Wehner (ed.) 1999. Vegetable cultivar descriptions for North America: List 25. HortScience 34(6): 957-1012.

CICERO - Tubers are "oval, yellow, medium rough skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

CILENA - Tubers are "long-oval; yellow, smooth skin; yellow flesh; shallow eyes.

CLASSIC RUSSET (A95109-1) - "an early-maturing, russeted clone that produces a high percentage of U.S. No. 1 tubers. Its attractive tubers make it very suitable for use by the fresh-pack industry and could also be used as an early processor [...] resistant to external and internal tuber defects and is resistant to common scab. A95109-1 also has moderate resistance to Verticillium wilt and dry rot. Weakness include lower specific gravity and some shatter bruise was noted."

CLAUSTAR - Tubers are "oval to long," with "light yellow" flesh and "white to yellow" skin.Primary use: Fresh market.

CLEARWATER RUSSET (AOA95154-1) - Medium-late maturing, oblong-long tubers, medium-russet skin. Excellent fry color out of storage. Suitable for both processing and fresh market usage.

CLEOPATRA - Fresh market potato; tubers are "oval, red, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

COASTAL CHIP - "a medium-late maturing potato chipping variety suitable for production in locations along the east coast of the United States where heat stress reduces internal quality of tubers.... Tubers are round, netted-skinned, and have moderately deep stem and bud ends. Chips from Coastal Chip are slightly lighter in color than those produced by Atlantic." See also: Haynes et al., Am. Potato J. 69:515-523 (1992); North American Potato Variety Inventory.

COASTAL RUSSET - Tubers are " oblong to long, smooth; medium russetted tan skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; white flesh.... High yielding variety, early tuber set. Highly resistant to hollow heart and net necrosis caused by leaf roll. Good storability; short to medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

COBBLER - Also known as Irish Cobbler. Tubers are "large to medium-sized; round with flattened ends, smooth creamy white skin; shallow to deep eyes; white flesh." See also: PAA.

COLIBAN - "This Australian cultivar is a medium to late maturing type, with attractive, white, round to oval tubers and shallow eyes. There is often a blue blush at the rose end. The tubers can be used for boiling, chipping and baking."

COLORADO ROSE - "Medium maturing, oval to round red. Primary use: fresh market."

CONESTOGA - Tubers are "blocky, slightly flattened; very slightly flaked white skin; shallow eyes usually the same color as the skin, occasionally pink; white flesh.... High yielding variety; tubers size early; washes well. Very vigorous plant with early growth. High total solids. Short dormancy period." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and fresh chipping.

CONCURRENT - Tubers are "oval; smooth light yellow skin; few shallow eyes, evenly distributed; not prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; medium number of tubers per plant, uniform in shape and in grading; good resistance to hollow heart and to drought; rather good resistance to internal bruising; medium to good storability; short to medium dormancy period; low dry matter." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

CONGO - A blue-skinned and blue-fleshed variety with a large number of synonyms, as determined by genetic fingerprinting. See the University of Melbourne's page. Synonyms: British Columbia Blue; McIntosh Black; River John Blue; Sharon's Blue. Suspected synonyms: All Blue, Blue Congo, Congo Blue, Purple Congo, Nova Scotia Blue, Himalayan Black. See also: Tasmanian Gourmet Potatoes.

CORALIE - Tubers are " long to oval, shallow eyes, skin red, yellow flesh."

CORINE - Tubers are "oval to round," with "light yellow" flesh and "white to yellow skin."

COROLLE - "Corolle is a sweet and buttery flavored potato with a smooth firm texture." Primary use: Fresh market.

COURAGE - Round, enough big tubers with a maroon skin and light yellow flesh colour. Very uniform in shape and size and high yielding. Rather high dry matter content; fairly floury quality. Primary uses: table stock, chipping.

COWHORN (Kenosha Potato Project - scroll down to view) - "Late-season. Fingerling tubers with pointed tips, dark-purple skin and dry, mealy, white flesh. Good storage. Excellent resistant to common scab and late bright.... Cowhorn is also known under the synonyms Purple Cowhorn and Seneca Cowhorn. Though listed as a fingerling in most databases, its name comes from its general appearance.... Specific gravity is 1.069. Maturity is mid-to-late and it is low yielding. It is a heritage variety with uncertain origins. It has been grown in New York state since before 1853." See also: Potato Gene Resources Newsletter (in .pdf format).

CRESTONE RUSSET - Early fresh-market russet, low solids. Oblong-long, slightly flattened tubers, shallow eyes, white flesh. "Crestone is an early-maturing fresh market potato released in 1993 by Colorado State University."

CRISPIN - "Longer shelf-life and more attractive appearance than Yukon Gold. A more flavorful yellow-flesh potato with a firm texture."

CUPIDS - Tubers are "round to oval; white skin, slight flaky russetting in some soils; shallow eyes; pale yellow flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; tubers are uniform in size; relatively resistant to damage during harvesting; moderately resistant to greening; good storability; high dry matter." Primary uses: boiling and home French frying.

CYCLOON - Tubers are "long-oval; yellow, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

CYRANO - Medium to large oval tubers with yellow skin and shallow eyes; light yellow, waxy flesh. "Excellent appearance and a good dry matter make Cyrano suitable for a select or exclusive table potato clientele."

DAISY - "High yields of long oval tubers; suitable for chipping, specialist crisping and food service markets." See also: British Potato Variety Database.

DAISY GOLD - Large, all purpose potato. Yellow, flaky, moist flesh. Midseason.

DAKOTA CHIEF: see Red Pontiac.

DAKOTA CRISP - "Tubers are round, uniformly sized and smooth, with an eggshell skin color, white flesh and shallow eyes. The variety is medium in maturity and specific gravity.  Stores well; low sugar accumulation in storage; processes consistently from 45F storage. Suitable for chip processing and tablestock."

DAKOTA DIAMOND - Smooth, round tubers with bright white skin, white flesh, and shallow eyes. Medium-late maturity; tubers size very quickly. Possesses resistance to common scab, moderate resistance to pink rot and exhibits preferential avoidance by Colorado potato beetle in choice cage studies. See also: NDSU press release.

DAKOTA JEWEL - "Early maturing, medium yielding cultivar with round smooth tubers and bright red skin. Vines are vigorous with a semi-erect growth habit and have red-purple flowers.   Suitable for the fresh tablestock market.  Its bright red skin color retention and long dormancy make it suitable for packing from long-term storage.  It is suitable for boiling, use in soups, stews, and for baking when a sweeter, waxier texture is desired." See also: NDSU press release.

DAKOTA PEARL - Tubers are "round; smooth light yellow skin; medium deep eyes, predominantly apical; slightly prominent eyebrows; cream colored flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety that produce uniformly round tubers of attractive appearance. It has shown very good resistance to blackspot bruises during trials. Excellent chipping quality even after long-term storage at 6 °C." Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping. See also: North Dakota.

DAKOTA ROSE - A medium early maturing potato cultivar with bright red skin coloration and exceptionally smooth skin. Suitable for tablestock.

DALI - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." "Average susceptibility to rust spots, fairly resistant to hollow heart, fairly resistant to black spots.... Holds shape very well when cooked, table-use group A-B, very slight blackening after cooking, not suitable for deep frying." Primary use: Fresh market.

DEFENDER (A90586-11) - a 1990 cross between KSA195-90 and Ranger Russet. "Released in 2004, Defender is high yielding, lightly russeted, and most notable for having foliar and tuber resistance to late blight infection...suitable for processing into french fries and other frozen potato products directly from the field or from short term storage. Defender is very high yielding and may also be used for fresh markets." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 83:9-19 (2006); "French Fries, Research and the Economy" by James Zuiches.

DELICE - Tubers are "oval to long," "white to yellow" skin and yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

DELIKAT - "Delikat is early maturing with oval yellow fleshed large tubers with shallow eyes that's suitable for fresh markets and chipping and dehydrated products."

DENALI - Tubers are " oval to oblong, uniform shape; smooth and tough buff coloured skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; short eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; tolerant to heat and frost; moderately resistant to hollow heart and other internal defects; not affected by tuber greening because tuber set deeper than many varieties; good storability; medium dormancy period; very high specific gravity." Primary uses: chipping while fresh.

DESIREE - Tubers are "oval, rather regular, shallow eyes, red skin, yellow flesh. Very popular gourmet variety, especially in Europe. See also: Potatoes Netherlands; CFIA; Garden Action (UK).

DIAMANT - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes."

DITTA - Tubers are "long-oval, dark yellow, medium rough skin; yellow flesh to fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." "Fairly resistant to rust spots and to hollow heart, fairly resistant to black spots.... Holds shape very well when cooked, table-use group A, slight blackening after cooking." Primary use: Fresh market.

DIVINA - Tubers are " oval; smooth creamy yellow skin; shallow to medium deep eyes, slightly red pigmented, few in number, predominantly apical; slightly prominent eyebrows; yellow flesh.... Very high yielding potential variety; high number of attractive appearance tubers per plant; good storability; medium dormancy period." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

DORADO - Tubers are "oval; yellow, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh to pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

DORÉ - Tubers are "round, yellow, rough skin; yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

DRAGA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; yellowish-white flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

DUNDROD - Tubers are " round to oval; slightly rough light yellow skin; medium deep eyes, intermediate in number, predominantly apical; white flesh.... Medium yielding variety; moderately resistant to internal and external bruising; good storability; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling.

DURANGO RED - "Durango Red is a medium maturing potato cultivar. ...attractive dark red-skinned cultivar, suitable for the fresh market."

EARLY ROSE - Tubers are "Flattened oval, rather regular, shallow to half-sunken eyes, distributed over the whole surface of the tuber, pale pink skin, white flesh, sometimes rosy vascular ring." See also: Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions from N.C. State.

EERSTELING - Tubers are "long-oval," yellow skin, pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes.

EIGENHEIMER - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes."

ELBA - "Elba has proven to be a top choice for market growers and home gardeners alike. Large round tubers with buff, flaky skin and white flesh are excellent for boiling." See also: Wood Prairie Farm.

ELFE - Early yellow variety, with oval,smooth-skinned tubers. High resistances and good storability; firm cooking and suitable for packing. Grown in the Colorado Potato Certification Service's 2007 crop test (pdf).

ELKANA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough to rough skin; yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: Starch.

ELLES - Tubers are "round to oval; yellow, medium rough to rough skin; yellowish-white flesh; moderately deep eyes."

ELODIE - Tubers are "oval to long; white to yellow skin; yellow flesh."

EMERAUDE - Tubers are "oval to long," white to yellow skin, yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

ENVOL - Tubers are "round to oval; white smooth skin; medium deep to shallow eyes; slightly prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... Very good early yielding variety; high percentage of large tubers, attractive appearance. Medium high dry matter content. Excellent storability; long dormancy period." Primary use: boiling.

EPICURE - Tubers are "round, large, slightly irregular; white to yellow coloured skin, turns pink on exposure to light; deep to very deep yellow eyes; white flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; rapid tuber production and bulking; tolerant to cold, recovers rapidly from frost damage and capable of tuber production at soil temperatures below those required by other varieties; good storability; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

ERAMOSA - Tubers are "oval, semi-flattened, rarely oversized; smooth white skin; shallow eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; very good resistance to skinning and hollow heart; good storability; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

ESCORT - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, French frying.

ESTIMA - Tubers are "oval; buff colored smooth skin; very shallow eyes, predominantly apical; light yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety that produce large tubers of attractive appearance. Early tuber set. Good resistance to drought, bruising and growth cracks. Medium dry matter content. Rather long dormancy period." Primary uses: Fresh market and frying. See also: Garden Action (UK).

EVA - Tubers are "round to slightly oval; smooth white skin; shallow eyes, ...white flesh." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:65-68 (2001).

EVE BALFOUR - Tubers are "round, rough, white to yellow skin, white flesh, shallow to medium eyes." General purpose, early maincrop.

EXQUISA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

FABULA - Tubers are "oval; smooth light yellow skin; few medium deep eyes, predominantly apical; eyebrows slightly prominent; light yellow flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; very good foliage cover; very large tubers, uniform in size; good resistance to internal bruising. Low to medium dry matter content." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: HZPC; Potatoes Netherlands.

FAMBO- Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth to rough light yellow skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows moderately prominent; light yellow flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; large tubers of attractive appearance; uniform in grading; good resistance to internal bruising and drought. Short dormancy period; medium to high specific gravity." Primary uses: chipping and frying. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

FANETTE - "Oval to long, very uniform tubers, shallow eyes, white to yellow skin, yellow flesh. Very high yield potential." Primary use: fresh market.

FAUSTA - Oval tubers, light yellow skin, white to yellow flesh.

FELSINA - Tubers "oval, white to yellow, smooth to intermediate skin; yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: fresh market, French fries. See also: Potatoes Netherlands; potato.net.

FIANNA- Tubers are "oval; pale yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; white flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

FINGERLING SALAD - Late-season heirloom. 2- to 4-inch fingerling tubers with yellow skin and flesh.

FLORETTE - Tubers are "oval to round; very shallow to shallow eyes; white to yellow skin, light yellow flesh. High to very high resistance to late blight on tubers."

FLORIDA - White-skinned, yellow-fleshed oval-long tubers. Early maincrop intended for the French fry processing market.

FONTANE - Tubers are "oval, yellow, medium rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

FRANCELINE - Tubers are "very long", red skin, yellow flesh. See also: Pomuni.

FREEDOM RUSSET (W1836-3RUS) - Tubers are blocky in shape and carry a medium dark netting similar to Goldrush. Eye depth can be slightly greater than Goldrush in some environments. Maturity is medium-late.

FREMONT RUSSET - A medium yielding, medium-late maturing, fresh market russet cultivar with medium specific gravity, smooth, oblong to long tubers and excellent late season storage capabilities.

FREGATE - Tubers are "oval to round, shallow eyes, white to yellow skin, yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

FRENCH FINGERLING - "The French fingerling is a petit, sleek and slender heirloom potato. Its rose colored skin is thin and smooth. Its flesh, a marbling of pink and ivory, is succulent, firm and waxy. It has a robust, earthy and buttery flavor when cooked. The entire potato is edible and the average size in length is 2 to 3 inches."

FRESCO - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: chipping.

FRIESLANDER - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

FRISIA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; yellowish-white flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

FRONTIER RUSSET - Lightly russeted, long to oblong tubers; suitable for fresh baking and French frying. Adapted to Pacific Northwest growing conditions. In U.S. Northeast, described as "Early season. Oblong, smooth tubers with slightly russeted skin and dry, mealy, white flesh. Excellent storage. Good resistance to scab." See also: CFIA; Pavek et al., Am. Potato J. 68:525-532 (1991).

FUNDY - Tubers are "round to elliptical, medium size; smooth buff skin, slightly netted; shallow eyes; eyebrows long, curved and prominent; white flesh.... High yielding variety; tubers of attractive appearance; susceptible to skinning and bruising; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

GALA - "Round to oval" tubers, yellow skin, "medium to dark yellow" flesh. See also: Fruit Today article; Binst.

GARNET CHILI/CHILE - Late-season. Round tubers with light-red skin and moist, firm, white flesh. Good storage. Good resistance to scab. Large, tall plants.... perhaps the most important variety in North American potato growing. It is an 1853 seedling of the Rough Purple Chile procured by The Rev. Chauncey Goodrich from South America in 1851 in a attempt to stave off the then on-going problem of potato degeneration. Off spring of the Garnet Chili subsequently produced a vast percentage of the most successful potato varieties of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries." On Garnet Chile's role as founding clone, see the article by Stephen L. Love: "Founding Clones, Major Contributing Ancestors, and Exotic Progenitors of Prominent North American Potato Cultivars", published in Am. J. of Potato Res. 76(5):263-272.

GEMCHIP - "Selected from the progeny of a cross between BR5960-9 x ND5737-3 and was tested as BR7093-24. It was released in 1989 by the USDA and Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Colorado.... Tubers are round to short oblong, smooth with a shallow to moderately deep bud-end. Skin is smooth but may have small scaly patches." See also: Pavek et al., Am. Potato J. 68:461-466 (1991).

GEM RUSSET - Attractive Pacific Northwest all-purpose Russet. Very smooth tubers with good processing characteristics and excellent fresh-market quality. See also University of Idaho storage management; Am. J. Potato Res. 79:25-32 (2002).

GEMSTAR RUSSET (A9014-2) - "A potato variety with high yield, good culinary quality, excellent fresh market appearance, and resistance to common scab." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 83:171-180.

GENESEE - "Genesee is a late season, golden nematode and scab resistant tablestock variety with a bright, white skin. It is also resistant to Verticillum wilt, and early blight." See also: Plaisted et al., Am. Potato J. 70:897-901 (1993). See also: North American Potato Variety Inventory.

GIGANT - Tubers are "large, round oval; light yellow skin, smooth to slightly flaky; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; medium prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety that has a good resistance to drought. Very high dry matter content. Good storability aptitude. Medium dormancy period (6 months)." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

GLACIER BLUE - no information currently available. Seed potato at Cad-Re Feed (Alaska).

GLORIA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

GOLDEN SUNBURST - "Medium maturing, very high yielding fresh market potato variety..."

GOLDRUSH - Hollow-heart resistant; oblong/blocky to long, russet-skinned, very white flesh, primarily for fresh market. "Mid-season. Oblong to long tubers with well-russeted skin and medium-dry, white flesh. Fair storage. Very resistant to drought and common scab, verticillium, black spot bruising and hollow heart. Large upright vine." "Goldrush generally produces smooth tubers with few external and internal defects, although they can be variable in shape. Under non-irrigated conditions, U.S. No. 1 yields were comparable to Russet Norkotah, but substantially higher than that of Russet Burbank." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking, French frying. See also: North Dakota; CFIA; Johansen et al. in Am. Potato J. 71:809-816.

GOURMANDINE - Tubers are "long oval; smooth yellow skin; yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

GRANOLA - Tubers are "oval to round, white to yellow, rough, shallow to medium eyes, light yellow to yellow flesh." Fairly firm texture.

GREEN MOUNTAIN - Tubers are "large, short-oblong to oblong, flattened; ends usually blunt; smooth buff skin, often netted; medium-deep white eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; stores well; well suited for washing after two months storage; grows well in light soils." Primary uses: home gardening; boiling, baking, and fresh French frying.

HAIDA - "medium brown skin, with a number of eyes" with waxy flesh. Like the Ozette, the Haida may have been brought up the West Coast by seafarers.

HAMPTON - "Mid- to late-season general purpose fresh market variety. Large plants bear round, shallow-eyed, buff-skinned, white-fleshed tubers. Resistant to golden nematode, verticillium wilt. Susceptible to scab, late blight, growth cracks."

HANSA- Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

HARLEQUIN - Particolored-red skin, light-yellow flesh, very long tubers; early maincrop salad potato.

HERMES - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

HERMINE - Tubers are "oval, very shallow to shallow eyes, white to yellow skin, yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

HERTHA - Tubers are "oval; smooth yellow skin; shallow eyes, few to intermediate in number, predominantly apical, very slightly prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; good storability; medium dormancy period; high dry matter. Pre-sprouting is desirable since a large number of stems is necessary to avoid over size. Suitable for all types of soil. Foliage development is rather quick; gives good soil cover. Moderately susceptible for bruising and internal blackspot. Warm tubers before grading to prevent internal blackspot. Careful harvesting is desirable, good skin set is necessary." Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping, and French frying.

HIGHLAND RUSSET (A9045-7) - "a mid to late season variety notable for its high yield of uniform, oblong-long, lightly-russetted tubers. This variety has moderately high specific gravity and resistances to sugar ends, tuber malformations and most internal and external defects. It also has reasonably good resistance to Verticillium wilt and PVY."

HILITE RUSSET - "Tubers are smooth, oblong to long, with a medium to heavy russet.... uniform in size with a good pack-out percentage and good baking and frying quality out of the field." See also: CFIA.

HORIZON - Tubers are "oval, cream skin, white flesh, shallow-medium eyes." Early maincrop intended for the crisping (chip) market.

HOT DOG - Red-skinned heirloom fingerling, with pink and white striped flesh. Also known as the Papa Casho.

HUCKLEBERRY - "Berry red skin and light rose flesh."

HUNTER - Tubers are oval to long, skin white to yellow, white flesh. Intended for the French fry processing market. See also: Am. Potato J. 40:275-278 (1963).

HURON - Tubers are "oblong, flattened, medium thick; slightly flaked creamy buff skin; medium deep eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; shows promise for organic soils; resistant to skinning; stores well. High total solids." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and fresh chipping.

IDA ROSE - "IdaRose (A82705-1R) is a medium to late maturing selection with bright red skin and round tuber type for the fresh market. It is high yielding, has excellent eye appeal, and good culinary quality. It has long dormancy and can be used directly from the field or sold after storage." Also spelled Idarose, IdaRose. See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 79:79-84 (2002).

ILONA- Medium to large tubers, white to yellow skin, and light yellow flesh.

IMPALA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

INCA DAWN - Particolored-red skin, deep-yellow flesh, long-oval tubers; late maincrop salad potato.

INCA SUN - "Many, very long, parti-coloured red tubers with medium depth eyes and deep yellow flesh." Late maincrop specialty potato.

INNOVATOR - Tubers are "long oblong, large to very large; russetted tan coloured skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; slightly to moderately prominent eyebrows; pale yellow to yellowish-white flesh.... High yielding variety, uniform in grading. Rather good resistance to internal bruising. Medium to high dry matter content." Primary uses: fresh chipping. See also: HZPC; Potatoes Netherlands.

INOVA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

INSTITUT DE BEAUVAIS - Tubers are "Rounded to short oval, half-sunken eyes, pale yellow skin, red coloured eyes, white flesh.... Old French variety giving large tubers with white flesh. It is still cultivated in certain areas of the south of France." Primary use: Fresh market.

IRENE - Tubers are "round, red, rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

IRISH COBBLER - Tubers are "large to medium-sized; round with flattened ends; smooth creamy white skin; shallow to deep eyes; white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; widely adapted; highly susceptible to bruising; high specific gravity." Primary uses: home gardening; boiling, baking, and fresh chipping. See also: PAA; Vesey's. Also known as Cobbler.

ISLAND SUNSHINE - Tubers are "round; rough yellow skin; shallow to intermediate eyes, predominantly apical, eyebrows not prominent; dark yellow flesh.... Medium high yielding variety; good storability; long dormancy period." "Highly resistant to late blight and good resistance to scab. Medium-sized plants." "Developed by the Loo brothers, organic farmers on Prince Edward Island, Island Sunshine is the result of natural selection. Different from most breeding programs where the selections are 'pampered' (given insect and disease control), the Loo brothers selected only crosses that survived insect and disease pressure without controls. Thus we have a delectable golden-fleshed potato that is highly resistant to late blight. European-style variety produces a large set of 2-3" potatoes. Great to eat all winter. Medium-sized plant with pink flowers." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: Wood Prairie Farm.

ISLE OF JURA - "Oval-long tubers, skin white, light yellow flesh." General purpose, early maincrop potato.

ITASCA - "Itasca was selected from the progeny of a cross between MN304.72-10 x ND58-3. It was tested as MN12567 and released by the University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station and Department of Horticultural Science in 1994.... Tubers are smooth, round to blocky and oblong with shallow eyes. The tubers elongate as they increase in size.... well suited as a processing variety for dryland conditions."

IVORY CRISP (NDO1496-1) - "Ivory Crisp is an early chipping variety with high specific gravity and medium to high yield. It has good cold chipping potential and long-term storage capability." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 80:207-214 (2003).

IVORY ROSE (A91556-1W) - A branded variety, named and released by the University of California in 2003. " Medium to late maturity with a potentially good yield if allowed to grow the full season. The tubers are very smooth, long and oval with shallow eyes; they have slightly raised eyebrows, a very bright white skin and flesh color, and intermediate number of eyes." Primary use: fresh market.

JACQUELINE LEE (MSG274-3) - "Jacqueline Lee has a bright golden skin, yellow flesh, attractive oval shape, and excellent cooking qualities that make it suitable for tablestock use.... [I]t has... a high level of foliar resistance to the US-8 genotype of" late blight. See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:413-419 (2001).

JAERLA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." "Proportion of large tubers: high to very high.... Slightly susceptible to rust spots, moderately susceptible to hollow heart.... Early productive variety, giving large tubers sometimes of rather irregular shape and with fairly well marked eyes." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

JEMSEG - Tubers are " large, uniform, short-oblong, slightly flattened, medium thick; smooth dark tan skin; shallow light buff eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety, attractive appearance. Tuber size very early. Set spacing should be 25 cm. Oversizing and internal defects can be a problem if topkilling and harvesting are not properly timed. Resistant to skinning. Low tuber set. Good response to green sprouting. Does not store well. Medium to high specific gravity; low total glycoalkaloids." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and fresh chipping.

JERSEY ROYAL - "First early variety of potato characterised by long oval tubers, yellow skin and firm texture once cooked. Foliage is dark green with wavy margins and robust stems. Seaweed is extensively used as a fertiliser, this enhances the flavour of the potatoes." Jersey Royal is a protected name for a potato otherwise known as International Kidney. See also: This Is Jersey.

JULIETTE - Tubers are "long oval with shallow eyes," "creamy-colored" skin and waxy flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

JUNIOR - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

KANONA - "High yield of round, white tubers; late maturity, good for chips and tablestock, medium dormancy. See also: PAA.

KANTARA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, medium rough to rough skin." Primary use: suitable for starch only.

KAPTAH VANDEL - Tubers are round with white to yellow skin and light yellow flesh. Primary use: Starch production.

KARAKTER - Tubers are "round to oval; yellow skin; yellowish-white flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: suitable for starch only.

KARDAL - Tubers are "round to oval; yellow skin; white flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: suitable for starch only.

KARNICO - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough to rough skin; white flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: suitable for starch only.

KATAHDIN - Tubers are " round to oblong, large; smooth buff skin; few very shallow eyes; white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; slow development early in season then rapidly; widely adapted; tolerant to drought; washes well at maturity; excellent storability, grades well with few culls; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking; secondary uses: chipping and French frying. See also: PAA.

KENITA - "A promising new Long White variety with good results in a wide variety of climates and export countries. produces uniform oblong light yellow fleshed tubers, very shallow eyes and a nice white skin. Tuber number per plant is fairly high. Good resistance to PVY, immune to Wart disease. Slightly susceptible to common scab. Medium dry matter content, suited for table used and home made French Fries."

KENNEBEC - Tubers are "elliptical to oblong, medium thick; smooth creamy buff skin; shallow eyes; white flesh.... High yielding fast growing variety, widely adapted. Requires close planting (15 to 20 cm between plants) and vine killing to avoid producing oversized and rough tubers. Excellent storage quality. Long dormancy period. High total solids." Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping, and frying. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database ; PAA; Pomme de Terre.

KERPONDY - Tubers are "oval to long," with white to yellow skin and yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

KERR'S PINK - Red skin, white to light yellow flesh, See also: LovePotatoes (UK); Gourmet Britain.

KESWICK - Tubers are "elliptical to oblong; smooth dark creamy buff skin; medium-deep eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; well adapted to medium and light soils; tubers size early, tend to oversize. Highly resistant to hollow heart; susceptible to manganese toxicity and bruising; good storability if not bruised; not suitable for washing; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking; fresh chipping and French frying.

KEUKA GOLD - Tubers are "ovoid with a textured skin, "pale yellow flesh" and "good eating qualities." See also: Maine Potato Lady; cropideas.com; article in the Philadelphia Inquirer.

KEYSTONE RUSSET - High-yielding fresh market russet; oblong to long tubers with shallow eyes concentrated at the bud end. Not intended for processing because of low solids and high sugar.

KING DAVID - "Oval-long tubers, medium shallow eyes, skin white, flesh cream." Early maincrop salad potato.

KING EDWARD - "King Edward is a traditional maincrop variety and has a white skin with very distinctive pink colouration which makes it an easy potato to identify. It has a creamy colored flesh and a good flavour and is widely available."

KING EDWARD VII - "...introduced to the UK in 1902 - the same year as King Edward VII's coronation - and was named to commemorate this special occasion." Tubers are large, yellow skin marbled with red, flesh yellowish-white. See also: D.T. Brown (UK).

KIPFLER - "Cigar or finger shaped potato, often quite knobbly. Yellow skin with light waxy yellow flesh."

KLAMATH RUSSET - Attractive, high-yielding fresh market russet. "Klamath Russet, tested as AO85165-1, was selected in 1987 at Powell Butte, Oregon from a cross between R. Norkotah and A79172-6 performed by Dr. J.J. Pavek, USDA-ARS, Aberdeen, Idaho in 1985.... Klamath Russet consistently produces higher total yields and much higher yields of U.S. No. 1’s than either Russet Burbank or Russet Norkotah. Klamath Russet is suitable for fresh market use only. High reducing sugars and low starch content prohibit use for processing." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:377-382 (2001).

KONDOR - Tubers are "oval-long" wih red skin and light yellow flesh. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

KRANTZ - "Tubers are oblong to slightly blocky, russet-skinned, with shallow eyes, white flesh and short dormancy. Tuber bulking occurs early." Primary use: Fresh market, baking, boiling, and French frying. See also: CFIA.

KUFRI ASHOK - Tubers are large, uniform, oval shaped and white in color. A good chipper.

KUFRI BADSHAH - Large oval tubers with white skin and white flesh. Late-blight resistant.

KUFRI BAHAR - Large, round, white-skinned, white-fleshed tubers. Thin-skinned; tends to strip off when transported. Blight prone.

KUFRI CHANDRAMUKHI (A-2708) - An oval, white-skinned, white-fleshed potato grown primarily in Uttar Pradesh and used as tablestock.

KUFRI CHIPSONA-2 - White-skinned, white-fleshed tubers developed for the chip market in India.

KUFRI HIMALINI - A white-skinned potato with considerable resistance to late blight; developed to grow in the hill country of India.

KUFRI HIMSONA - Released 2007. "[W]hite, oval, shallow eyed tubers which have creamy flesh. The hybrid has very high degree of late blight resistance. ‘On line’ testing of Kufri Himsona in the Industry produced excellent flawless chips and its cultivation in the hills of Himachal Pradesh will prove to be boon to the potato farmers, particularly in the Kangra region of Himachal Pradesh which hitherto were dependent on only Kufri Jyoti which has now gone totally susceptible to late blight."

KUFRI JAWAHAR - Tubers are medium round and oval shaped with white skin and light yellow flesh. Some late-blight resistance. Good keepers. Kufri Jawahar requires less irrigation on account of early maturity. Good for baking.

KUFRI JYOTI - Large, oval, white-skinned, white-fleshed tubers with blight and virus resistance. Large yields (300 ton/ha).

KUFRI LALIMA - Red-skinned, yellow-fleshed, round tubers. Good storage quality.

KUFRI SADABAHAR - Released 2007. "[P]roduces more than 10% higher yield over Kufri Bahar. The added advantage of this variety is its having field resistance to late blight.  The variety produces white, oblong, shallow eyed tubers, having white flesh.  The variety is capable of yielding about 35-40 tones/hectare under optimum agronomical  practices."

KUFRI SATLUJ - Large oval tubers with white skin and cream-colored flesh. Resists greening; a good keeper. Moderately resistant to late blight.

KUFRI SINDHURI - Large tubers with red skin and yellow, waxy-textured flesh. Good keepers.

KURAS - "Oval to round tubers; white to yellow, intermediate to rough skin; white flesh; moderately deep eyes."

KURODA - Tubers are "oval, red, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

LA CHIPPER - "La Chipper was grown as a seedling in 1949, from a cross of Green Mountain and Cayuga. Tested as L91-78, La Chipper was released by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station in 1962.... tubers are more elongated than round, somewhat flattened. Skin is smooth and white with medium to deep, cream colored eyes that are fairly evenly distributed. Tuber flesh is very white. Tubers separate easily from stolons. Dormancy is shorter than La Rouge and Red La Soda.... La Chipper is well suited for processing into potato chips and possesses some resistance to late blight." Originally released as LaChipper; see Am. Potato J. 40:130-132 (1963).

LA CROTTE D'OURS (BEAR POOP) - "Light purple skin, white flesh, distinctive shape - a long kidney type narrowed at the stem attachment, increasing in size toward the "nose", where it is enlarged and rounded. The tubers have a bit of a curve. Relatively smooth skin" (Potato Gene Resources Newsletter, 2001). See also: Kenosha Potato Project (scroll down to Cow Horn entry).

LA RATTE - Fingerling tubers with tan, finely netted skin and dark yellow flesh. See also: Seed Savers; New York Times article.

LA ROUGE - "Mid-season. Round tubers with bright-red skin, medium-deep eyes and moist, firm flesh. Good storage. High resistance to scab. Medium-sized spreading plants." Also known as: LaRouge. See also: Am. Potato J. 40:130-132 (1963).

LADY BALFOUR - "Oval tubers, medium eyes, skin parti-coloured red, flesh white." Late maincrop, general purpose potato; favored in Britain by organic agriculturalists.

LADY CHRISTL - Tubers are "oval-long, cream skin, light yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Marshalls; Meijer Potato.

LADY CLAIRE - Oval tubers with smooth, cream colored skin and light yellow flesh. Primary use: Chipping. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

LADY FELICIA - Tubers are "oval to long-oval, yellow, very smooth skin; yellow flesh to fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

LADY OLYMPIA- " Lady Olympia produces high numbers of long oval tubers with white skins and light yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market, chipping. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database; C. Meijer.

LADY ROSETTA - Tubers are " round; flaky red skin; shallow eyes, moderately numerous and evenly distributed; moderately prominent eyebrows; cream to light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance, very uniform in size; rather susceptible to internal bruising. Short dormancy period; very high dry matter." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and chipping. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

LATONA - Tubers are "round to oval, large, uniform; smooth to medium rough yellow skin; shallow eyes, few per tuber, evenly distributed; eyebrows slightly prominent; light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; high number of tubers per plant; uniform in grading; good resistance to external and internal bruising; good storability; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: baking and boiling. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

LEMHI RUSSET - medium to high yield; oblong to long tubers; medium to heavy netted skins' excellent for baking and French fries.

LIBERATOR - "Liberator is a round white chip-processing variety with a medium set of bright-skinned tubers similar in appearance to Norchip.  The primary strength of this variety is its strong resistance to scab (Streptomyces scabies Thaxter) combined with chip-processing quality and high specific gravity.  Liberator was evaluated as seedling number MSA091-1.  The name Liberator was chosen to acknowledge the resistance to scab." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:425-424 (2002).

LILI - Tubers are "oval to oblong; flaky yellow skin; shallow eyes, intermediate in number, evenly distributed; slightly prominent eyebrows; yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety; high number of medium size tubers per plant; good resistance to external and internal defects; good storability; high dry matter." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and fresh frying.

LION'S PAW - "Called the Puma Maqui in Spanish, this potato is named for its unique shape. Outstanding flavor." Round tuber with purple skin, flesh is a white cortex with a purple center. Heirloom variety listed in OSU's Potato Variety Inventory. (PDF)

LISETA - "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market. See also Eurogrow; European Cultivated Potato Database.

LIZEN - Tubers are oval to round, shallow eyes, white to yellow skin, yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

LOLA - Tubers are oval to long, shallow to medium eyes, white to yellow skin, cream to yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

MAINECHIP - Tubers are "round; lightly netted buff skin; medium-deep eyes; white flesh.... Medium high yielding variety; good resistance to heat necrosis; moderate resistance to shatter bruises and blackspot; moderately susceptible to hollow hear; susceptible to greening. Very good chip color even after long term storage; can be chipped directly from 7 °C storage or after reconditionning. Fair storability, medium dormancy period. High specific gravity." Primary uses: chipping, boiling, and baking. See also: Am. Potato J. 71:237-247.

MAINESTAY - Tubers are "white-skinned, white-fleshed... with medium-shallow eyes" with an expected major use "as a maincrop tablestock variety." High yielding, late maturing, and disease resistant. See also: Am. Potato J. 74:4 (1997), 255-264, "Mainestay: A high-yielding, round white potato variety for fresh market" by Reeves et al.

MARABEL - Tubers are "oval to long oval," "attractive yellow skin and yellow flesh, shallow eyes." See also: British Potato Council, Albert Bartlett.

MARANCA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; very shallow eyes to shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

MARCY (NY112) - "an especially attractive, netted, chip-stock potato with good yield" (NC State 2003 Potato Breeding Report) "with resistance to common scab and the golden nematode." See: Am. J. Potato Res. 83:189-194.

MARFONA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

MARIANA - Tubers are "oval to round" with white to yellow skin and white flesh. Primary use: Fresh market. An older variety, parent of Armandine, a popular European fresh-market potato.

MARIJKE - Tubers are "long-oval; yellow skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

MARILYN - Fingerling variety developed for the gourmet market. Tubers are long oval, very regular, shallow eyes, yellow skin, yellow flesh; medium sized, very regular long oval shape with smooth clear bright skin. Produces heavy yields with many tubers. Resistant to Golden Nematodes; good tolerance to PVY and to Late Blight. Moderate resistance to common scab.

MARIS BARD - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth white skin; shallow to medium-deep eyes, intermediate in number, predominantly apical; slightly prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety; early tuber set. Good resistance to drought and bruising. Good storability; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and frying.

MARIS PIPER - The tubers are "medium, oval, with cream skin and flesh." Also considered a white-skinned variety and a favorite of English chip shops. Parent cultivar of Dundrod, Stemster and many others. See also: British Potato Council.

MARITIEMA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes to rather shallow eyes." Primary use, Fresh market, boiling, chipping.

MARKIES - Tubers are "oval, yellow, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes to rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

MATILDA - Tubers are "round to oval; netted yellow skin; shallow eyes; creamy yellow flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; uniform medium-sized tubers; low internal and external defects; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

MAYAN GOLD - "Yellow skinned, long, oval tubers with a deep golden flesh, a unique nutty flavour, and an extremely creamy, yet dry texture." Early maincrop potato; for all cooking uses except boiling.

MAZAMA (NDO2686-6R) is an early maturing clone with oval, bright red skinned tubers suitable for table use and the red-skinned creamer market." See also: Am. J. Potato Res 78:383-387 (2001).

MCINTYRE - Tubers are "oblong, slightly flattened; slightly russetted, creamy white skin with purple shadings, predominant purpling around seed end; medium-deep eyes, numerous, with occasionnal light purple shading; eyebrows purple tinged, moderately prominent, almost straight; light cream flesh, tinged purple particularly at seed end.... Medium yielding variety; good storability; high specific gravity." Primary uses: baking and boiling.

MEGA CHIP (W1201) - "This variety shows good chip color when processed from the field and maintains its color through five months storage at 48 degrees Fahrenheit. It also exhibits greater resistance to common scab, a major potato disease, than the leading variety Snowden. The round-oval tubers have white, slightly netted skin and white flesh. This variety also has high specific gravity and low sugar content."

MELODY - Tubers are "oval, pale yellow, smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

MENTOR - Tubers are "round to oval; yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; white flesh; rather deep eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

MERCATOR - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough skin."

MICHIGAN PURPLE - "A new purple-skinned tablestock variety that provides an alternative to red varieties." Purple skin, white flesh; medium early. Developed at MSU. See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:421-424 (2002).

MICHIGOLD - "Michigold (MS704-10Y) is a round, blocky, yellow-fleshed cultivar with medium netting... for the fresh market" and out-of-field chipping. See also: Chase et al., Am. Potato J. 69:629-634 (1992).

MILLENNIUM RUSSET - "...yields long, russet-skinned and white-fleshed tubers with medium-late maturity." See also: "Millennium Russet: A Dual Purpose Russet Potato Variety" (Am. J. Potato Res. 82:211-220 [2005]).

MILVA - "High-yield yellow"; popular as a salad potato.

MIMI- Light-red skinned, yellow-fleshed, round tubers, early harvest salad potato.

MINERVA - Oval to round tubers, white to yellow smooth skin; cream to yellow flesh.

MIRTON PEARL - Tubers are "round, uniform, smooth white skin; evenly distributed medium-deep eyes, occasionally very deep at the bud end; white flesh.... High yielding, some resistance to damage from mechanical harvesting. Low total glycoalkaloids and high total solids." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

MODOC - "Modoc (NDO4300-1R) is an early maturing, round to oval, red skinned clone suitable for fresh market use." See also: "Modoc: A potato variety with bright red skin and early maturity for fresh market" (Am. J. Potato Res. 80:235-240 [2003]).

MOLLI - Molli is a fresh market potato with "round, oval yellow-fleshed tubers with shallow eyes and yellow skin." See also: European Cultivated Potato Database; cropideas.com.

MONALISA - Tubers are oval to long; smooth, white to yellow skin; light yellow flesh; shallow eyes. Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

MONDIAL - Tubers are "oblong; buff coloured, smooth skin; few shallow eyes, predominantly apical, very slightly prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety; uniform in grading. Rather good resistance to internal bruising and to drought. Medium to low dry matter content." HZPC Canada says Mondial is a white-skinned tuber. Primary uses: Fresh market. See also: HZPC; Potatoes Netherlands.

MONONA - Tubers are "oblong to ovate, flattened; smooth light creamy buff skin; shallow to medium-deep eyes; white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety, early tuber set, variable tuber shape; handles well. Good storability at 7 °C, reconditions rapidly after cold storage; short dormancy period; medium to low specific gravity." "Resistant to net PVX, PVY, PVA, PVS verticillium wilt, mild and rugose mosaic. Susceptible to blackleg, fusarium, PLRV Stores well." Primary uses: boiling, baking, and chipping. See also: PAA; Am. Potato J. 42:253-255 (1965).

MONTICELLO (NY 102) - a "medium-maturing, round-white chipping variety... released in 2003 by the University of Maine and Cornell University.... primarily intended for use in the chipping industry, especially from mid- to long-term storage." See also: "Monticello: A Mid-season Variety with Good Tuber Appearance and Chipping Potential from Mid- to Long-term Storage" (Am. J. Potato Res. 81:143-152 [2004]).

MORENE - Tubers are "oval, large and uniform; smooth light yellow skin; shallow eyes, non prominent eyebrows; cream coloured flesh.... High yielding variety; tubers are usually large and uniform. Very good resistance to bruising, good resistance to drought. High specific gravity. Medium dormancy period." Primary uses: baking and chipping.

MORNING GOLD - Tubers are "oval; smooth yellow skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical; eyebrows not prominent; light yellow flesh.... High yielding variety; moderately resistant to bruising, blackspot bruise and secondary growth; good tolerance to drought; good storability; medium dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: baking and boiling.

MOURASKA - Tubers are " round to oval, medium uniformity; smooth buff skin; shallow to medium deep eyes, well distributed; white flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; produces tubers of high calibre; good resistance to greening; wash well; medium dormancy; good storability; low specific gravity. Well adapted to Quebec and New Brunswick growing conditions." Primary uses: boiling and fresh chipping.

MOUNTAIN ROSE - Developed from All Red and a white-fleshed chipping variety, Mountain Rose shows good promise as a specialty variety for chefs and market gardeners. A moist but not waxy texture makes it suitable for most uses. Early to medium maturity and high yields. Resistant to second growth, hollow heart, shatter bruise, and some viruses. Slightly susceptible to fusarium dry rot. See also: Colorado Potato.

MOZART- Tubers are "oval, very uniform shaped tubers with distinct yellow eyes and a attractive sunrise red skin.Yellow flesh colour. Allow enough time between top kill and harvest to promote skin set. Mozart has a long dormancy and stores well."

NATURELLA - Tubers are "long oval elongated, low shallow eyes, yellow skin, pale yellow flesh." See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

NAVAN - Tubers are "oval; smooth, buff coloured skin; shallow eyes, intermediate in number, predominantly apical; eyebrows not prominent; cream coloured flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; large uniform tubers; susceptible to bruising; long dormancy period; good storability; high specific gravity." Primary uses: baking, boiling, and French frying.

NICOLA - Oval-long tubers with medium yellow flesh and cream colored skin. Good resistance to scab, virus, and bruising. See also: Potatoes Netherlands; Garden Action (UK).

NIPIGON - Tubers are "oblong to ovoid, medium-sized; smooth to slightly flaked buff skin; eyes shallow, medium-deep at the bud end, faintly purple; white flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; adapted to the muck soils of northern Ontario where it sizes early, has a minimum of hollow heart and does not bruise easily. Hollow heart and bruising are more common when grown in southern Ontario and eastern Canada (except on muck soils). Susceptible to internal heat necrosis when grown in hot soils, resistant to drought, good for the table stock market, unsuitable for processing. Stores very well. Low total glycoalkaloides and high total solids." Primary uses: baking.

NISKA - Tubers are "oval to oblong; buff skin; medium deep eyes; white flesh.... Medium yielding variety; good storability; medium dormancy period; high dry matter. Susceptible to growth cracks; resistant to blackspot; tolerant to drought." Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping. See also: La Criox et al., Am. Potato J. 68:143-150.

NOOKSACK - "Tubers are oblong to long and flattened. Skin is heavily and uniformly russeted. Eyes are shallow, few and unevenly distributed.... well suited for frozen French fry production but can also be used in the fresh market." See also: CFIA.

NORCHIP - Tubers are "round to oblong; smooth creamy white skin; medium deep eyes, intermediate in number; white flesh.... Medium yielding variety; high tuber set resulting in many uniform shaped tubers of medium sized. Performs well on well drained heavy soils; very intolerant to drought. Good field tolerance to potato flea beetle; good resistance to hollow heart, internal necrosis and vascular discoloration; slightly susceptible to growth cracks. Good storability; short dormancy period; medium-high specific gravity." Primary uses: chipping, French frying, boiling, and baking. See also: PAA.

NORDONNA - "First selected in 1982 from a cross between North Dakota advanced selections ND206-1R x ND821-6R. The cultivars Bison, Norchief and Chieftain are in its ancestry. It was tested as ND1871-3R and was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station on April 28, 1995.... Dark red tubers are oval to round-oblong with shallow and well distributed eyes; tuber flesh is white." See also: Am. Potato J. 74:1 (1997), 31-38, "NorDonna: A red-skinned potato cultivar with wide adaptibility" by Novy et al.

NORGOLD RUSSET - "Oblong to long" tubers, "heavily and uniformly netted russet skin. More tolerant of hot dry winds than most commercial cultivars." See also: PAA.

NORKING RUSSET - Medium to high yielding variety, tubers of attractive appearance; slightly susceptible to hollow heart; good storability; long dormancy period; high specific gravity. See also CFIA.

NORLAND - Tubers are "medium oblong, slightly flattened, medium thick; smooth red skin; shallow eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety, adapts well to different soils. Sensitive to drought, susceptible to skinning and bruising if harvested before maturity; washes well at maturity. Stores well even though the dormancy period is short. Seldom produces tubers that are irregular in shape, knobby or growth cracked. Tubers are not subject to internal defects like hollow heart, internal necrosis and vascular discoloration. Low total solids.... Norland Dark Red, Red Norland and New Red Norland are selected clones with a darker red color." Primary uses: boiling, French frying, fresh chipping. Also known as Dark Red Norland. See also: Tucker Farms (Norland Dark Red); PAA; Johansen et al., Am. Potato J. 36:12-15 (1959).

NORVALLEY - Tubers are "round to oval; smooth white skin with a yellow undertone; shallow eyes, moderately numerous and evenly distributed; non prominent eyebrows; cream-white flesh.... High yielding variety with medium number of tubers per plant. Wide adaptability, suitable for production on irrigated or non irrigated land. Resistant to hollow heart and blackspot. Medium dormancy period. Good storability." Primary uses: chipping, dehydrated flakes, boiling, and baking. See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 75:101-106 (1998); HZPC.

NORWIS - Tubers are "blocky to oval, slightly flattened; smooth buff skin; generally shallow eyes, medium-deep at apical end; pale yellow to cream flesh.... High yielding variety; widely adapted; slow development early in season; slightly susceptible to hollow heart and internal necrosis; good chip color at harvest and after storage at 10°C or warmer; not well-suited to long term cold storage for chip processing; good storability; medium specific gravity." Originally developed and released by Frito Lay as FL 657 (2). Primary uses: boiling, baking, and chipping. See also: PAA; Cipar et al., Am. Potato J. 67:371-380.

OAC ROYAL GOLD - A cross between Caribe and Rose Gold, OAC Royal Gold "is a purple skin yellow fleshed potato cultivar with oval shaped tubers. It produced high specific gravity and boil and bake scores when evaluated... in Ontario." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 75:179-180 (1998).

OAC RUBY GOLD - Tubers are red-skinned and yellow-fleshed. Primary use: fresh market in Ontario, Canada. See also: Am. Potato J. 73:301-304, "OAC Ruby Gold: A new red-skinned yellow fleshed table potato cultivar" by Ali-Khan et al..

OAC TEMAGAMI - Tubers are red-skinned and white-fleshed; round; high specific gravity. Primary use: fresh market in Ontario, Canada. See also: Am. Potato J. 73:305-308, "OAC Temagami: A new red-skinned white fleshed table potato cultivar" by Ali-Khan et al.

OASIS - Tubers are "Oval, not very deep eyes, yellow skin, yellowish white flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

OBELIX - Tubers are "large, oval; smooth light yellow skin, few shallow eyes, predominantly apical; very slightly prominent eyebrows; pale yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety, uniform in grading; medium number of tubers per plant. Good resistance to internal bruising. Very low dry matter content. Good storability." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database .

OCEANIA - "Oceania is a medium early variety, very productive and hardy. It is particularly adapted to hot and dry growing conditions and is tolerant to drought."

ONAWAY- "Early-season. Round tubers with smooth, buff skin and moist, white flesh. Excellent storage. Resistant to blight and highly resistant to scab." "Onaway sets and sizes tubers early and has vigorous early growth. It has very minimal internal defects but has a tendency to produce misshapen, deep eyed tubers." See also: PAA.

ONDINE - Tubers are "oval to round, white to yellow skin, yelow flesh."

ONTARIO - "Selected from a cross between Richter Jubel x USDA S44537. Released in 1946 by USDA and Cornell.... Tubers are oblong with a creamy buff smooth skin. Eyes are shallow except at apical end which is sometimes sunken. Flesh color is white.... Ontario is highly scab resistant and has some resistance to late blight and Fusarium wilt. It has some tolerance to harvest bruising."

OSPREY - Short-oval tubers, red parti-colored skin, cream flesh. See also: British Potato Council.

OSTARA - Tubers are "oval to round...white to yellow skin, light yellow to deep yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market. Introduced in 1961 in Europe; parent of registered Canadian varieties Fambo and Obelix.

OTTENA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, chipping.

OWYHEE RUSSET (AO96160-3) - "a medium to late maturing selection from Oregon with medium yields and long, medium heavily russetted tubers. It has good specific gravity, excellent fry color from storage and an attractive tuber with high counts of US No.1. It is resistant to common scab and has moderate resistant to Verticillium wilt. This clone’s main weaknesses are a medium overall yield and susceptibility to net necrosis and vascular discoloration."

OZETTE - "Ozette came from Peru by way of Spanish explorers to the Makah Indians at Neah Bay, Washington in the late 1700s. Ozette is also known as 'Anna Cheeka’s Ozette' and 'Makah Ozette', and is a Pacific Northwest slow food. It has an "an earthy and nutty flavor that is similar to flavors in cooked dry beans." See also: "The Potato of the Makah Nation" by Charles R. Brown at The NSF Potato Genome Project.

PACIFIC RUSSET - An early maturing, high yielding russet potato for the table market; developed in Canada. See also: "Pacific Russet: An Early Maturing, Attractive Russet Cultivar with Excellent Culinary Quality" (Am. J. Potato Res. 81:235-242 [2004]).

PALISADE RUSSET - "Palisade Russet (A97066-42LB) is notable for having  resistance to foliar and tuber late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans, as well as Verticillium wilt, black dot, and pink rot, and has a moderate level of resistance to tuber net necrosis, PVY, and early blight of both the foliage and tuber.

PAMINA - Tubers are "long to oval" with yellow flesh and white to yellow skin. Primary use: Fresh market.

PARAMOUNT - "Paramount is a very high yielding red skin white flesh variety producing large even sized tubers." See also: Agricrop.

PENELOPE - Tubers are "oval to long, yellow flesh, white to yellow skin." Primary use: Fresh market.

PENOBSCOT - A white-skinned, white-fleshed variety released in Maine in 1963, noted for its leafrool resistance and high solids. See also: Am. Potato J. 41:140-147 (1964).

PENTA - Tubers are "round; white, smooth skin; shallow pink eyes with non-prominent pink eyebrows; yellow flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety with good tubers uniformity and excellent virus resistance. High resistance to bruising; sensible to drought. Medium high dry matter content. Medium long dormancy. Heat treatment 3 to 4 weeks prior to planting is recommended due to eyes low set. Fairly slow to germinate." Primary uses: cooking, French frying.

PENTLAND DELL - Oval-long white tubers with creamy white flesh. Maincrop maturity producing high yields long dormancy. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

PENTLAND JAVELIN - Short-oval white tubers with creamy white flesh. First early maturity high yielding but has a tendency to bulk late. Medium to low dry matter with firm cooked texture and good boiling quality. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

PERIBONKA - Tubers are "oblong; russetted brown skin; shallow eyes, moderately numerous, predominantly apical; eyebrows slightly prominent; creamy white flesh.... High yielding variety; produce big tubers of attractive appearance and thick skin; moderately resistant to bruising, hollow heart, brown heart and vascular net necrosis; highly resistant to second growth; medium high dry matter content; medium dormancy period (7 months)." Primary uses: boiling, French frying, and baking.

PICASSO - Tubers are "oval, yellow and red eyes, medium rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes."

PIKE - "Pike resulted from a cross between Allegany x Atlantic. It was tested as NYE55-35 and released by Cornell University and the Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment Station in 1996.... Tubers of Pike are medium sized, spherical with shallow lateral eyes and moderately deep apical eyes. The skin is buff colored and slightly netted. Tuber dormancy is considerably longer than Monona or Atlantic. The major strengths of Pike are good chip processing characteristics and excellent common scab resistance." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 75:117-120 (1998).

PINK EYE - "Also known as Southern Gold, this pretty potato has a creamy yellow flesh that tends to be waxy with a nutty flavour." See also: Woolworths of Australia.

PINK PEARL - Tubers are "oval, smooth, medium size; pink skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical; white flesh.... High yielding variety; high tuber set; good storability; medium specific gravity. Wide spacing (up to 46 cm) has increased marketable yields; tubers separate readily from stolons." Primary uses: boiling and baking.

PLATINA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

POMFINE - Tubers are "long to oval tubers with white to yellow skin and yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

POMPADOUR - Tubers are "long to oval" with white to yellow skin and yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Flavours From France.

PONTO - Tubers are "oval to round," white to yellow rough skin, light yellow to yellow flesh. Primary use: Starch production.

PORTAGE - A "high-yielding and early-maturing" variety "with round to oblong, white-skinned, white-fleshed tubers." Resistance to verticillium wilt. Primary use: fresh market. See also: Am. Potato J. 72:681-688, "Portage: A new early-maturing, round white table potato variety" by Reeves et al.

PREMIER RUSSET (A 93157-6LS) - "A mid to late season variety notable for its high yield of oblong-long, medium russeted tubers, high specific gravity, excellent fry color from cold storage and resistances to sugar ends, tuber malformations and most internal and external defects."

PREMIERE - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, chipping, and French frying.

PRESTILE - A round, white-skinned, white-fleshed variety for tablestock market. Has good storage potential and is resistant to net necrosis but susceptible to heat necrosis. Released in 1991. See also: Am. Potato J. 71:89-98, "Prestile: A new round white potato variety" by Reeves et al.

PRIMURA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

PRINCE HAIRY - "White-skinned, white-fleshed variety producing medium-large round tubers. Resistant to Colorado potato beetles, potato leafhoppers and flea beetles. Also known as NYL235-4." See also: Am. Potato J. 69(12):843-846 (1992).

PRODUCENT - Tubers are "oval to round; white to yellow skin, light yellow to yellow flesh." Stores poorly. Primary use: Starch production.

PROSPECT - Tubers are "oblong; buff coloured flaky skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows not prominent; cream coloured flesh.... Prospect is a high yielding variety that sets about five large tubers per plant with few small tubers. Tubers are set deep in the hill so there is low incidence of sunburn. It has good drought tolerance, very good storability quality, medium specific gravity and medium dormancy period."

PROVENTO - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh to pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

PUNGO - Tubers are "elliptical to elliptical round; flaky dark creamy buff skin; medium-deep eyes, same colour as the skin; white flesh.... High yielding, well suited for medium-textured well drained mineral soils, close spacing between plants and reduced fertilization will reduce the appearance of oversized and rough tubers, some resistance to drought, short dormancy period. High total solids." Primary uses: chipping.

PURPLE MAJESTY - Oblong, medium maturing tubers with purple skin and flesh. "The potato has four times the level of antioxidants than regular white potatoes. Antioxidants in these potatoes reduce the amount of free radicals in our bodies that play a part in cancer, heart disease, stroke and numerous other diseases." See also: InnovatioNews, Marx Foods.

PURPLE PERUVIAN - "Purple through and through, small to medium tubers with many eyes." See also: Mountain Valley Produce.

PURPLE VIKING - "Deep purple skin dappled with pink spashes and stripes. White flesh; small-to-medium spreading plants. Mid-season. See also: Colorado Potatoes.

QUAGGY JOE (AF 1470-17) - "The Quaggy Joe potato variety is high-yielding and medium to medium-late maturing with attractive, round-oval, white-skinned, white-fleshed tubers with medium-shallow pink eyes. Its major use is expected to be as a maincrop tablestock variety." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 76:331-335 (1999).

RAJA - Tubers are "oval, red, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes to rather shallow eyes."

RAMOS - Tubers are "oval to long-oval, yellow skin; fairly yellow flesh to pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, chipping.

RANGER RUSSET - Medium-to-high yielding long russet, similar in appearance to Russet Burbank. Tubers slightly flattened, eyes of medium depth, intermediate in number; medium russet skin. Medium to high yields with a high proportion of U.S. No. 1's. High solids, medium sugar content from normal 45°F storage. Susceptible to off-shapes, growth cracks, blackspot bruise; much more susceptible than Russet Burbank to tuber decay from late blight. Used for both fresh market and processing either directly from the field or from storage. Primary uses: baking and fresh French frying. See also: PAA; CFIA; Pavek et al., Am. Potato J. 69:483-488 (1992).

RASPBERRY FINGERLING – An irregular fingerling with brilliant crimson skin and creamy yellow flesh with crimson rings. Heirloom variety listed in OSU's Potato Variety Inventory. (PDF)

RATTE - "The La Ratte, AKA Ratte and Asparges, is an open pollinated French heirloom potato of fingerling status." Primary use: Fresh market. Note: This is probably the same variety as 'La Ratte' (see above).

REBA (NY 87) - "Mid-to-late season variety similar to Atlantic or Monona. Medium to tall, semi-erect plants yield round to oval to oblong, white-fleshed, smooth tubers with bright-white to buff skin. Resistant to golden nematode, common scab, verticillium wilt, early blight. Susceptible to late blight. Stores well." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 76:1-4 (1999).

RED CLOUD - "Dark red skin, multiple disease resistance, average yields, madium maturity." See also: O'Keefe et al., Am. Potato J. 70:301-307 (1993).

RED COMPANION (W 1100-R) - Tubers are "large, red-skinned, white-fleshed and round-oval in shape. Red Companion shows better yield, fewer internal defects, better chip color, higher solids (allowing frying and baking) and greater resistance to blight than the most similar current variety, Dark Red Norland." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 79:133-137 (2002).

RED DALE - Also known as 'Reddale.' "Prolific, large, early potato with bright red skin and great-tasting white flesh and disease resistance." See also: Wood Prairie Farm.

RED GOLD - Rose red skin, deep yellow flesh.

RED LA SODA - Tubers are "elliptical to slightly oblong; bright deep red skin; medium-deep, wide eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance. Resistant to tipburn, and to wind, heat and drought damage; some resistance to mechanical bruising. Slightly susceptible to hollow heart and growth cracks. Wide adaptation, grows well in both southern and northern areas. Medium specific gravity; good storability with medium dormancy." Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping, French frying. Also spelled Red LaSoda. See also: PAA.

RED LADY - A main crop, red skinned potato. "Long oval tubers with shallow eyes and yellow flesh. High drought tolerance and high resistance to second growth."

RED MAGIC - The tubers of 'Red Magic' have a short oval to oval shape with eyes that are shallow to medium in depth. Tuber flesh is cream coloured."

RED PEARL - "Consistently produces uniform tubers with a round-oval shape, deep red skin and white flesh." See also: "Red Pearl: A New Gourmet Red Potato Variety" (Am. J. Potato Res. 81:209-214 [2004]).

RED PONTIAC - Tubers are "oblong to round; smooth, sometimes netted, red skin; medium deep eyes; white flesh." See also: PAA. Also known as Dakota Chief.

RED RUBY - "Red Ruby is a mid-season red variety for the fresh market. It yields well and has excellent color.... Tubers are round to blocky and dark red. The skin is smooth but sometimes slightly netted.... Red Ruby was selected from the progeny of a cross between Bison x MN11.76-1. It was tested as MN13035 and released by the University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station and Department of Horticultural Science in 1994."

RED SCARLETT - Tubers are "oval, red, medium rough skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes."

RED SUNSET (AO93487-2R) - "A new OSU (Oregon State Univ.) line released in 2009, Red Sunset (AO93487-2R) produces high marketable yield with excellent fresh market quality. It outperforms Dark Red Norland and Red LaSoda in the percentage number ones and skin color ratings. This bright red skinned, mid to early maturing variety also has high Vitamin C and Iron content."

RED THUMB - A fingerling potato with "brilliant red skin and unusual red flesh." See also: Maine Potato Lady.

REDDALE - "Large, round-flat tubers with white flesh. Great eating qualities, especially good for baking." See also: Wood Prairie Farm.

REDSEN - Tubers are "round to oblong; thin, smooth bright red skin; shallow eyes; slightly curved eyebrows; white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety; very bright red tubers that hold their color in storage. Tubers are susceptible to bruising, therefore special care should be taken at harvest and handling into storage. Variety relatively free of hollow heart and other internal defects. High dry matter content. Short dormancy period." "Attractive bright red smooth thin skin retains its color well. Moist flesh is great braised with olive oil, chicken broth and a little salt. Serve with tossed salad and fresh shell beans." Primary uses: baking. See also: "Redsen: A new bright red-skinned potato cultivar." (Am. J. Potato Res. 61:549-555).

REDSTAR - Tubers are "round to oval, red, medium rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

REEVES KINGPIN (AF1753-16) - "a high-yielding mid-season potato variety suitable for fry processing"; also has fresh-market potential. Developed by the University of Maine. See: Am. J. Potato Res. 83:141-147.

REICHE - Tuber skins are yellowish, flesh pale yellow, ovoboid in shape. High resistance to both PVX and PVY.

REMARKA - Tubers are "oval to round; white to yellow, smooth skin; cream to yellow flesh."

RESY - Tubers are "oval to round" with white to yellow skin and light yellow flesh. Primary use: Fresh market.

RIO GRANDE RUSSET (AC 89536-5) - A "medium to late maturing, oblong to long russet" released by Colorado State University. Primary use: fresh market.

RIOJA - "Oval to long, red tubers with shallow to medium eyes and cream flesh." General-purpose, maincrop potato.

RIVIERA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Scottish Ag.

ROCKET - Tubers are "round to short oval; white, smooth skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical; medium prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety, exceptionally fast early bulking. Good tubers uniformity, attractive appearance. Good resistance to bruising and splitting; sensible to growth cracking. Low to medium dry matter content. Short dormancy period." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: Garden Action (UK).

RODEO - Tubers are "long-oval, red, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market. Also spelled: Rodéo. See also: HZPC.

ROMANO - Tubers are "round to oval, red, smooth skin; yellowish-white flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

ROMANZE - Mid-season. Dark red skin and yellow flesh; oval tubers with low to medium starch. Some field resistance to late blight, powdery scab, and viruses. High yield and moderate storage from medium-maturing plants. See also: Norika.

ROSABELLE - Tubers are "oval to long" with red skin and yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market.

ROSE FINN APPLE - An heirloom fingerling potato with "rose-blushed beige skin and deep yellow flesh, occasional airplanes or second growth distinguish this very fine fingerling. ...this potato’s exquisite flavor and cooking qualities set it apart." See also: Seed Savers Exchange.

ROSE GOLD - "The best of the red-skinned golden-fleshed potatoes."

ROSELYS - Tubers are "round to oval; smooth pink skin; shallow to medium-deep eyes, intermediate in number, evenly distributed; slightly prominent eyebrows; white flesh.... High yielding variety; large tubers; short dormancy period; medium specific gravity." Primary uses: boiling and French frying.

ROSEVAL - "An early maincrop salad variety bred in France and first market in UK in 1950. Roseval produces long oval tubers with a deep red skin and a medium yellow, waxy flesh." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database, LovePotatoes (UK).

ROSINE- Tubers are "oval to long," red skin, light yellow flesh. "Good to very good" storage ability. Primary use: Fresh market.

ROTE ERSTLING - Mid-season, multi-purpose Swedish potato. Plants produce round to oblong, red-skinned, yellow-fleshed tubers. See also: Potato Garden. Moose Tubers describes it as: " Also known as Red Duke of York, a mutation of Duke of York found in a Dutch field in 1942. We list it for its fine flavor and all-around culinary qualities. Unique rose-red skin has slight russeting when mature, golden-yellow flesh is delicious. Early large tubers store well. Rote has proven itself to be hardy and productive." There may be some confusion about the variety name and its origins..

RUBIS - "Rubis is an early to medium early variety, productive and adapted to European and Mediterranean areas. It produces big tubers with nice presentation." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

RUBY CRESCENT - "The Ruby Crescent fingerling potato is a slender roughly elongated fingerling variety with a blush rose hued thin skin and firm, waxy, moisture-rich yellow colored flesh."

RUBY PULSIVER'S BLUE NOSER - "This is one of three maritime Canadian 'blues' in my collection. The other two are Angelina Mahoney's Blue and Pugh's Purple. They are all 'Blue Nose' types: long oval shape, light purple skin with a much darker blue 'nose' on the tuber. Flesh is white with blue streaks around the eyes when peeled. I am told that the Nova Scotians were called 'Blue Noses' because of this potato that was a big part of their diet. Ruby Pulsiver related to me that this variety was grown commercially on a local scale on Tancook Island and that it was traditionally boiled with salt fish" (Potato Gene Resources Newsletter, 2001). Listed in the University of Minnesota's heirloom database project. Synonym(s): 'White Congo' and 'Purple Chief'.

RUSSET BAKE-KING - a sport of Bake-King discovered in 1990. See also: Lawrence et al. in Am. Potato J. 71:127-129.

RUSSET BURBANK - The leading U.S. variety, R. Burbank accounts for almost 40% of the total U.S. acreage. Tubers are long, uniformly russeted and show numerous eyes of medium depth. Russet Burbank produces medium to high total yields but a very low percentage of U.S. No. 1 tubers. It is late maturing, has a long dormancy, and stores extremely well. Starch and sugar contents are medium compared to other processing varieties. Common defects include second growth, growth cracks, internal brown spot, sugar ends, hollow heart, and blackspot bruise. Russet Burbank is widely used for processing both directly from the field and from storage. Primary uses: boiling, baking, chipping, and French frying. See also: CFIA; Potatoes Netherlands. Also known as Idaho Potato.

RUSSET LEGEND - See "Russet Legend: a Full Season Long Russet for Processing and Fresh Market Use" (Am. J. Potato Res. 77:77-82 [2000]); S. Thompson and R. Davidson, Russet Legend profile, 1998.

RUSSET NORKOTAH - Russet Norkotah is by far the leading Oregon variety for early fresh market. It is also marketed from storage in the Klamath Basin. It produces medium to low yields with a very high proportion of U.S. No. 1 tubers. Appearance is outstanding; tubers are oblong and smoothly-shaped with uniform russeting. Eyes tend to be shallow but prominent because of reduced russeting in the immediate vicinity. It is very susceptible to early-dying and benefits significantly from the use of early-generation seed. Compared to Russet Burbank and most other varieties, it is extremely susceptible to late blight tuber decay. Russet Norkotah is not desirable for processing because of low solids (starch) and high sugar content. Primary uses: baking. See also:CFIA; "Russet Norkotah: Management Profile"; "Russet Norkotah Strains" (Nebraska).

RUSSET NUGGET - "Russet Nugget was selected in Colorado from a Texas cross of Krantz x AND71609-1. It was tested as TC582-1 and was released by the Colorado and Texas Experiment Stations in 1989.... Russet Nugget is late maturing and produces a medium to high yield of high quality, russeted tubers. It is well suited for both the frozen processing and fresh markets.... Tubers have a heavily, and uniformly, russeted skin and white flesh. They have an oblong, slightly flattened shape. Eyes are shallow, moderate in number and well-distributed. Dormancy is medium." See also: Holm et al., Am. Potato J. 69:331-336 (1992).

ST. JOHNS (AF828-5) - Tubers are round, white, with white flesh. Primary use: fresh market. See also: Am. Potato J. 73:2 (1996) 89-98, "St. Johns: A round white potato variety for fresh market" by Reeves et al. See also: North American Potato Variety Inventory.

SABLE - A white-skinned, white-fleshed variety released in New Brunswick, Canada in 1965. See also: Am. Potato J. 43:154-157 (1966).

SAFRANE - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." "Relatively early productive variety, with regular tubers showing highly homogeneous grading." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Pomme de Terre.

SAGE RUSSET (AO96164-1) -"It has a medium-early maturity and produces long, somewhat flattened tubers with medium russeting. Total yields of Sage Russet equal those of Russet Burbank, and Ranger Russet. Percent U.S. No. 1 tuber yields equal those of Ranger Russet and Russet Norkotah. Sage Russet has moderate specific gravity, and produces lighter fry color than Russet Burbank. Internal defects are minimal.

SAGINAW GOLD - Tubers are "oval; smooth, thin, creamy yellow skin; numerous shallow eyes; pale yellow flesh.... Medium yielding variety; resistant to hollow hart; good storability; medium dormancy period; medium to high specific gravity." Primary uses: chipping, French frying, boiling, and baking.

SAMBA - Tubers are "Long to oval, white to yellow skin, light yellow to yellow flesh." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Pomuni.

SANGRE - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth deep red skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; white flesh.... High yielding variety. Medium to long dormancy period. Medium specific gravity. Good storability, good retention of red skin color.... Resistant to second growth; rarely exhibits hollow heart, internal discoloration or blackspot. Adapted to irrigated areas of the west." Primary uses: boiling and baking. See also: PAA; Twomey et al., Am. Potato J. 59:435-439.

SANTANA - Tubers are "oval to long, very shallow eyes, white to yellow flesh and skin." See also: KWS Potato.

SANTÉ - Tubers are "oval; yellow, smooth skin; medium deep to shallow eyes with non prominent eyebrows; light yellow flesh.... Very high yielding variety with good tubers uniformity and excellent virus resistance. Good resistance to internal bruising; rather sensible to drought stress. Medium high dry matter content. Medium dormancy period." Primary uses: cooking and frying. See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

SARPO MIRA - "Tall, erect stems, entire colour. Large open  leaf.  Medium red violet flowers, large white tips.  Long oval tubers, red skin, yellow eyes" with white flesh. Late maincrop, general purpose potato developed in Hungary. See also: Thompson & Morgan.

SASSY - "A high yielding crisping variety. High yields of short oval tubers; suitable for long term storage." See also: British Potato Variety Database.

SATINA - "Oh yes, the satiny yellow skin and yellow flesh of these oval-round tubers make for an exceptional eating experience! With a smooth texture and a great flavor, Satina’s eating qualities are comparable to Carola." See also: Hanse Seed.

SATURNA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes." Primary use: French frying.

SAXON - Tubers are "round to oval; white smooth skin; shallow eyes, predominantly apical; slightly prominent eyebrows; cream colored flesh.... High yielding variety with good tubers uniformity. Good resistance to bruising and drought stress. Medium dry matter content. Medium dormancy period. Very good storage capabilities." Primary uses: fresh market; boiling. See also: the British Potato Variety Database.

SEBAGO - Tubers are "elliptical to round-elliptical, medium thick; smooth ivory yellow skin; shallow eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; fair to good storage quality; short dormancy period; sets few tubers if plants closely spaced. Medium specific gravity." Primary use: Fresh market, chipping. See also: PAA.

SEBASTIAN - "High yielding parti-colored variety with drought resistance. Suitable for the table market."

SERESTA - Tubers are "round; yellow skin; fairly yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes."

SHEPODY - Long, flattened, white-skinned tubers (considered a long white). Eyes shallow, intermediate in number. Medium early in maturity. Medium yields with an average to high percentage of No. 1 tubers. Susceptible to off-shapes, scab, harvest injury. Medium to low solids, high sugar after 45° F storage. Used almost exclusively for out-of-field processing into frozen french-fried products. See also: Nebraska; PAA; CFIA; Science and Technology for Canadians. Initial release publication: Young, Tarn and Davies: 1983. Am. Potato J. 60:109-113.

SIEGLINDE - "Oval to round, smooth tubers with white to yellow skin and yellow flesh.

SIERRA - Tubers are "oval; smooth, light yellow skin; few, shallow and predominantly apical eyes; medium yellow flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety with excellent virus resistance. Grows well in a wide range of climates. Moderately resistant to drought and bruising. Medium long dormancy. High specific gravity." Primary use: Fresh market and processing.

SIERRA GOLD (TX1523-1RU/Y) - Tubers are "Slightly flattened, smooth, oval tubers with light uniform russet skin but much lighter than Russet Norkotah. Net is fine to medium. Eyes are shallow and distributed more heavily near the apical end. Eyebrows are slightly prominent. Yellow flesh is similar to Yukon Gold. Total glycoalkoloids are low.... Excellent for tablestock, especially microwaved. Reported to be superior to Yukon Gold in french fry color and combined sensory scores." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 82:369-378 (2003); Discovery Gardens.

SIFRA - Tubers are round to oblong, smooth shaped, uniform size. Bright white smooth skin. Medium deep eyes and white flesh. A medium late Round White variety for the fresh market. See also: HZPC's European page.

SILVERTON RUSSET - "Silverton Russet is a high yielding, medium maturing, medium russet-skinned, dual-purpose cultivar." See S. Thompson and R. Davidson, Silverton Russet profile, 1999.

SIMCOE - Tubers are "round, slightly flattened; smooth to lightly flaked light buff skin; shallow eyes, same colour as the skin; white flesh.... Medium yield, very short dormancy period. High total solids." Primary use: Boiling, baking, chipping, and French frying.

SINORA - Tubers are "round to oval, yellow, medium rough skin; pale yellow flesh; rather shallow eyes to moderately deep eyes." Primary use: Chipping and French frying.

SIRTEMA - Tubers are "oval, yellow, smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; moderately deep eyes." "Early productive variety, with very early tuber development, giving large roundish tubers with sometimes slightly sunken eyes." Primary use: Fresh market.

SNOWBIRD - medium early Round White variety; round tubers with bright white skin and white flesh. Large in size with a low incidence of internal defects. Tubers size early. Can be available year-round. Primary use: tablestock.

SNOWDEN - Tubers are "round to oval, slightly flattened; buff skin, slightly netted; eyes medium shallow; white flesh.... High yielding variety that produce a high tuber set with a large number of smaller tubers if spacing is too close. A spacing of 30 to 38 cm (12 to 15 inches) is recommended. It responds well to nitrogen fertilization and needs high levels of moisture. High specific gravity, good storage quality and short dormancy. Moderately susceptible to bruising." Primary use: Chipping. See also: Nebraska; PAA. First published description was by Peloquin, S.P., C. Thill and A.D. Pavlista in the newsletter Nebraska Potato Eyes 6:1, Spring, 1994.

SNOWFLAKE - a white-skinned potato with resistance to PVY, released in the early 1960s by North Dakota. "Snowflake, also known as 'Big Benefit', 'Boston Cracker', and 'Early English', is a handsome heirloom variety with white, flaky flesh. It is excellent for dumplings, potato bread, and stuffings. The flower is white. This variety is not particularly productive, especially if your ground lacks sand." Backyard Gardener. See also: Am. Potato J. 40:271-274.

SOMERSET - A "medium-maturing variety with attractive, round to oblong, white-skinned, white-fleshed tubers with shallow eyes." Primary use: chipping. See also: Reeves et al., Am. Potato J. 67:153-162.

SPARTAN PEARL - "Spartan Pearl (MS700-83) is a round white potato selected from a cross between Atlantic and Michibonne (MS709) in 1978. It has smooth, round white uniformly sized tubers. The skin has a light netting and shallow eyes that are well distributed on the tuber." Primary use: fresh market, chipping. See also: Douches et al., Am. Potato J. 69:785-792 (1992) Practically Edible.

SPUNTA - Tubers are very large, long to oval, high resistance to internal bruising; smooth, light yellow skin; light yellow flesh; very shallow eyes.... See also: Potatoes Netherlands.

STARLETTE - Tubers are "long to oval; yellow flesh, white to yellow skin." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: Triskalia Seed Potatoes.

STEMSTER - "Stemster gives a high yield of bold, red skinned tubers and shows good drought and heat tolerance ...light yellow flesh."

STEUBEN - "Late season, but early bulking, good yielding white chipper with golden nematode resistance. Control size with close in-row spacing, late" (1994 NCSU CES bulletin). See also: Plaisted et al., Am. Potato J. 67:239-244.

SUMMIT RUSSET (A84118-3) - "In comparative trials in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington, Summit Russet has produced total tuber yields similar to or less than for Russet Burbank but it produced higher yields and percentages of U.S. No. 1 tubers than Russet Burbank in all regions of the Northwest. In quality evaluations, tubers had much higher tuber solids (specific gravity) than did those of Russet Burbank. It also produced better fry color following storage at both 40 and 45°F." See also: "Storage Management for Summit Russet Potatoes" by Brandt et al.

SUNRISE - Tubers are "round to oblong, moderatly smooth; netted buff skin; medium deep eyes, evenly distributed; white flesh.... High yielding variety; tubers bulk rapidly; susceptible to pressure bruising; good storability; high specific gravity." Skin is splotched with red. Primary use: Early fresh market and chipping.

SUNSET - Red-skinned, medium yellow-fleshed, oval-long tubers; maincrop, good disease resistance.

SUPERIOR - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth shaped; uniform size; smooth to lightly flaked buff skin; medium-deep eyes, evenly distributed; white flesh.... Medium yielding variety, self fertile, well adapted to mechanical harvesting. Short dormancy period, stores well, washes excellently. Tubers size early and are not subject to internal defects. Medium specific gravity." "...released by Gustave H. Rieman of Wisconsin in 1961 and has been very popular ever since. Superior is an early season variety for the fresh market and for chipping. Tubers size up early and are not subject to internal defects. It is a great general purpose potato." "Good for long storage. Resistant to heat and drought and scab. Susceptible to blackleg, fusarium PVLR, PVX, PVY, verticillium wilt, pressure bruise, late blight." Primary use: Early fresh market and chipping. See also: PAA; Tucker Farms.

SWEDISH PEANUT - "A dry, golden-fleshed heirloom fingerling potato that is perfect baked or roasted." Teardrop shaped. Also known as 'Mandelpotatis,' 'Almond,' or 'Butterfinger.'

SYMFONIA - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth red skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; eyebrows slightly prominent; light yellow flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; high number of tubers per plant; very good resistance to external damage; good storability; high dry matter content." Primary use: Fresh market.

TACNA - Tubers are elliptical, white-skinned and cream-fleshed. Short dormancy period and high resistance to both PVX and PVY.

TASMAN - "An Australian selection, released in 1974, Tasman is a useful, all-purpose, mid-season type with bright pink tubers, fairly shallow red eyes and white flesh."

TEJON - Bred at the University of California, released 1986. High yield of long, white tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock, medium tuber solids, long dormancy. Part of the Canadian Potato Variety Repository.

TerraRosa (PORO1PG20-12) - "It is a mid season specialty potato with red skin and red flesh. This selection is unique among commercially available varieties for the oblong tubers have very high culinary quality. Tubers are ideal for microwave, frying or baking. Chips made from TerraRosa retain their rosy color and resist fading."

TETON RUSSET (A0008-1TE) - "Teton Russet is a cross between Blazer Russet and Classic Russet. The tubers are oblong with moderate russet, good skin and shallow eyes."

TIMATE - Tubers are "oval to long; light yellow skin, white to yellow flesh, shallow yellow eyes."

TIZIA - Medium-late variety with smooth red skin, shallow eyes, and yellow flesh. Long oval tubers with a high yield. Primary use: fresh market.

TOLAAS - Tubers are "oblong, smooth; white skin, may develop russeting under certain conditions; shallow eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety. Medium specific gravity. Long dormancy period; very good storability. Early production of large tubers; very low incidence of hollow heart. Seems well adapted to both heavy dry land soils and peat soils. During trials, its performance has been mediocre on irrigated sands. If hollow heart or common scab is a problem, this cultivar could be a suitable alternative." Primary use: Early season French frying; fresh market.

TRENT - Tubers are "round to oblong, medium large, moderately flattened; slightly flaked to lightly netted buff skin; shallow eyes; creamy white flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety, tubers size fairly early. Suitable for processing and the table stock market, stores well. High total solids." Boiling, baking, chipping, French frying, fresh market.

TRUE BLUE - Tubers are "oblong; smooth dark purple with scattered tan skin; shallow eyes, evenly distributed; prominent eyebrows; blue-purple flesh with some white and pink.... Vigorous growth habit. Excellent keeping characteristics (over 9 months), tolerant to low storage temperature (2°C). No evidence of necrosis or storage discolouration. Resistant to hollow heart. Medium specific gravity. Long dormancy period. Distinctive colour and flavour. Excellent “buttery” texture and “nutty” flavour. Flesh coloration changes from dark-violet to medium blue after cooking; high after boiling sloughing." Primary use: Boiling, baking, fresh market.

TURBO - "Excellent suitability for the washed pre-pack markets and home fries; shallow eyes and smooth light yellow skin and flesh...suitable for long term storage." See also: Pomuni.

UKAMA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth to medium smooth skin; pale yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Chipping.

ULLA - Tubers are "oval to oblong; smooth to netted ochre skin; shallow eyes; yellow flesh.... Medium high yielding variety; excellent storability; medium high dry matter. Moderately susceptible to internal defects, highly resistant to injuries." Primary use: Boiling, baking, fresh market. Developed in German as Rinegold; registered in Canada as Ulla.

UMATILLA RUSSET - Umatilla Russet produces good yields of smooth, oblong russet tubers which process extremely well because of low sugar and high starch content. It has shown good resistance to late blight tuber decay and net necrosis from potato leafroll virus. Umatilla stores moderately well but has a shorter dormancy than Russet Burbank. Rough handling of immature tubers during harvest can cause notable dry rot infection. See also: CFIA; Am. J. Potato Res. 77:83-87 (2000).

UP-TO-DATE - "...very popular in southern Tasmania, with a high reputation for its delicious flavour and baking quality. Tubers are flat and oval, with creamy-white skin and cream flesh. Mid-season." See also: European Cultivated Potato Database; The British Potato Variety Database.

UTE RUSSET - "Medium yield of oblong, flattened, heavily russetted tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock, medium tuber solids, long dormancy." See also: Am. Potato J. 64:559 (1987).

VALES SOVEREIGN - Red parti-colored skin, cream flesh, oval-long tubers, general-purpose maincrop potato.

VALISA - "Valisa is early maturing with oval yellow fleshed medium to large tubers that's suitable for fresh markets and dehydration products." See also: European Cultivated Potato Database.

VAN GOGH - Tubers are "oval; rough yellow skin; shallow eyes, few in number, predominantly apical; eyebrows not prominent; pale yellow flesh.... High to very high yielding variety; high number of tubers per plant; develops rapidly, good foliage cover. Highly resistant to internal and external bruising; good resistance to second growth, hollow heart and drought. Medium to long dormancy period; poor to medium storage ability; high dry matter." Primary use: fresh market, boiling, baking, French frying.

VÉNOUSKA - Tubers are "oval; white to yellow skin; yellow flesh. Very high yield potential." Primary use: Fresh market.

VICTORIA - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, rough skin; fairly yellow flesh; shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market, chipping. See also: HZPC.

VIKING - Tubers are "round to oblong; smooth red skin; shallow eyes; very white flesh.... High yielding, tubers size early. Close spacing (16 to 20 cm) and proper timing of planting, vine killing and harvesting is needed to control second growth and the production of oversized and rough tubers. Drought resistant, tolerant to adverse weather conditions." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking. See also: PAA; Am. Potato. J. 41:253-255 (1964).

VILLETTA ROSE - Medium-late maturity, uniform size and round tuber shape, dark red skin and white flesh. Uses: fresh market, canning, gourmet (steaming). Developed at UW-Madison ARS.

VITELOTTE - Tubers are "dark blue, almost black, skin and dark violet-blue flesh..." Synonyms: Négresse, Vitelotte Noire. See also Shizuoka Gourmet.

VIVALDI - Tubers are "long-oval, yellow, smooth skin; fairly yellow flesh; very shallow eyes." Primary use: Fresh market. See also: HZPC.

VOYAGER - Smooth, oval tubers with yellow skin and light yellow flesh. ska remarkable smooth bright white skin. Creamy to light yellow flesh color. See also: HZPC.

WALLOWA RUSSET (AO87277-6) - A high-yield russet suitable for the processing market. See also: "Wallowa Russet: A full season long Russet for processing and fresh market" (Am. J. Potato Res. 80:289-294 [2003]).

WARBA - Tubers are "round; buff skin, frequently with reddish areas around the eyes; deep red eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety; low specific gravity." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking.

WESTERN RUSSET (A7961-1) - "Western Russet is a product of the cooperative USDA/ARS, University of Idaho breeding program in Aberdeen. It resulted from a 1979 cross between A68113-4 and Belrus.... [It is] a medium to high yielding variety with oblong medium-russeted tubers." See: Am. J. Potato Res. 83:161-170.

WHITE BARON - a somaclonal variant of Danshakuimo, the dominant variety in the Japanese tablestock market. White Baron browns less after peeling. Other Japanese varieties include Wasesiro, Nourin, Toyosiro and Yukijiro. See also: Am. Potato J. 72:701-706, "White Baron: A non-browning somaclonal variant of Danshakuimo (Irish Cobbler)" by Arihara et al.

WHITE LADY - "Oval to round, white tubers with medium depth eyes and cream flesh." Early maincrop for general purpose and French fry markets. See also: British Potato Variety Database.

WHITE PEARL - "This plant variety is a new potato line for chipping, called “White Pearl,” which holds outstanding potential for long-term storage at temperatures below the current industry level. Chipping quality can be maintained during storage for up to nine months at 42 degrees Fahrenheit. Tubers have light netted skin and white flesh and are very uniform with a medium-size profile. The variety also exhibits medium-late to late vine maturity, medium yields, and medium solids."

WHITE ROSE - Tubers are "large, long, elliptical, flattened, usually irregular; smooth white skin; numerous medium-deep eyes; white flesh.... High yielding variety of attractive appearance; adapted to irrigated areas; tuber size early. Requires close planting and fertile soil for optimal yields. Good storability. Generally low specific gravity." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking. See also: PAA. Also known as: American Giant, Wisconsin Pride, Late Pride, California Long Whites, Long Whites.

WILLAMETTE - Tubers have white skin, white flesh; suitable for fresh market and French frying.

WINEMA - "Winema (NDO2438-6R) is an early maturing, round to oval, red-skinned clone suitable for table use.  It produces lower total yields than Red LaSoda and Dark Red Norland but similar marketable yields with a higher percentage of small, high-value tubers, and significantly fewer culls." See also: Am. J. Potato Res. 78:371-376 (2001).

WYRED - A red-skinned, white-fleshed variety released by Nebraska in 1967. See also: Am. Potato J. 45:33-35 (1968).

YANKEE CHIPPER - "not in production; high yield of round, white tubers; medium maturity, good for chips, medium tuber solids, short dormancy." See also: Am. Potato J. 61:287 (1983).

YANKEE SUPREME - "not in production; medium yield of oblong, white tubers; medium-late maturity, good for tablestock, medium tuber solids, medium dormancy." See also: Am. Potato J. 61:683-690 (1983).

YELLOW FINN - "When you taste Yellow Finn you will truly understand why in Europe it is considered a gourmet potato." See also: Produce Express.

YESMINA - Tubers are "very long; light yellow flesh; smooth white to yellow skin." "Very high" yield potential.

YORK - "Early maturing, white skinned, high total solids." See also: Am. Potato J. 47:201-204 (1970). Listed in the Canadian Potato Variety Repository.

YUKON GEM (NDA5507-3Y) - Released by PVMI in 2006. "A mid-season selection with light-yellow flesh and higher yield potential than Yukon Gold (its paternal parent). It is also notable for its PVY and tuber blight resistances that are derived from its Scottish parent, Brodick." Use: fresh pack.

YUKON GOLD - "Yukon Gold was crossed and developed at the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada in the 1960s and 70s, and released in 1980 by Agriculture Canada at the University of Guelph (Johnston and Rowberry: Am. Potato J. 58:241-244 [1981])." Tubers are "oval, slightly flattened; finely flaked yellowish white skin; shallow pink eyes; light yellow flesh.... Medium to high yielding variety of attractive appearance. Large tubers are slightly susceptible to hollow heart. Excellent storability; long dormancy period. High specific gravity." Primary use: Fresh market, boiling, baking, and French frying. One of the few varieties sold under its variety name. See also: Nebraska; PAA.

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